styrene


styrene
Phenylethylene; the monomer from which polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber are made; together with divinylbenzene (for cross-linking), it is the basis of many synthetic ion exchangers. SYN: cinnamene, ethenylbenzene, styrol, vinylbenzene.

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sty·rene 'stī-.rēn n a fragrant liquid unsaturated hydrocarbon C8H8 used chiefly in making synthetic rubber, resins, and plastics and in improving drying oils also any of various synthetic plastics made from styrene by polymerization or copolymerization

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sty·rene (stiґrēn) an unsaturated oily liquid hydrocarbon used in the manufacture of plastic, synthetic rubber, resins, as a dental filling component, and in drug manufacturing; it polymerizes spontaneously to form polystyrene. It is an irritant, toxic, possibly carcinogenic, and releases carbon monoxide on burning. Called also cinnamene, cinnamol, styrol, styrolene, and vinyl benzene.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Styrene — Preferred IUPAC n …   Wikipedia

  • Styrene — Styrène Styrène Général Synonymes Phényléthylène Vinyl benzène Cinnamène Styrol No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Styrène — Général Synonymes Phényléthylène Vinyl benzène Cinnamène Styrol No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • styrène — [ stirɛn ] ou styrolène [ stirɔlɛn ] n. m. • 1936, 1867; de styrax ♦ Chim. Hydrocarbure benzénique (C6H5CH=CH2), entrant dans la composition de nombreuses matières plastiques. ⇒ polystyrène. « Le styrène autrefois s extrayait du benjoin Provenant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • styrene — colorless hydrocarbon, 1885, from Styrax, name of a genus of trees (the chemical is found in their resin), 1786, from L. styrax, from Gk. styrax, of Sem. origin (Cf. Heb. tsori terebinth resin ). Form influenced by Gk. styrax shaft of a lance …   Etymology dictionary

  • styrene — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ an unsaturated liquid hydrocarbon obtained as a petroleum by product and used to make plastics and resins. ORIGIN from styrax, a gum resin …   English terms dictionary

  • styrene — [stī′rēn΄, stir′ēn΄] n. [< L styrax (see STORAX) + ENE] a colorless or yellowish, easily polymerized, aromatic liquid, C6H5CH:CH2, used in organic synthesis, esp. in manufacturing synthetic rubber and plastics …   English World dictionary

  • styrene — /stuy reen, stear een/, n. Chem. a colorless, water insoluble liquid, C8H8, having a penetrating aromatic odor, usually prepared from ethylene and benzene or ethylbenzene, that polymerizes to a clear transparent material and copolymerizes with… …   Universalium

  • styrene — poly·styrene; styrene; …   English syllables

  • styrene — Styrolene Sty ro*lene, n. (Chem.) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, {C8H8}, obtained by the distillation of storax, by the decomposition of cinnamic acid, and by the condensation of acetylene, as a fragrant, aromatic, mobile liquid; called also {phenyl …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • styrene — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Latin styrax Date: 1885 a fragrant liquid unsaturated hydrocarbon C8H8 used chiefly in making synthetic rubber, resins, and plastics and in improving drying oils; also any of various… …   New Collegiate Dictionary