sucrose


sucrose
A nonreducing disaccharide made up of d-glucose and d-fructose obtained from sugar cane, Saccharum officinarum (family Gramineae), from several species of sorghum, and from the sugar beet, Beta vulgaris (family Chenopodiaceae); the common sweetener, used in pharmacy in the manufacture of syrup, confections, etc. SYN: saccharose, saccharum.
- s. octaacetate an alcohol denaturant.

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su·crose 'sü-.krōs, -.krōz n a sweet crystalline dextrorotatory nonreducing disaccharide sugar C12H22O11 that occurs naturally in most plants and is obtained commercially esp. from sugarcane or sugar beets

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n.
a carbohydrate consisting of glucose and fructose. Sucrose is the principal constituent of cane sugar and sugar beet; it is the sweetest of the natural dietary carbohydrates. The increasing consumption of sucrose in the last 50 years has coincided with an increase in the incidence of dental caries, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and obesity.

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su·crose (sooґkrōs) [Fr. sucre sugar] a nonreducing disaccharide obtained from sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum), sugar beet (Beta vulgaris), and sorghum; it is composed of glucose and fructose linked via their anomeric carbons. It is used extensively as a food and a sweetener. [NF] an official preparation used as a sweetening agent, tablet excipient, lozenge basis, and suspending and viscosity increasing agent.

Sucrose.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sucrose — Sucrose …   Wikipedia

  • Sucrose — Su crose , n. [F. sucre sugar. See {Sugar}.] (Chem.) A common variety of sugar found in the juices of many plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, sugar maple, beet root, etc. It is extracted as a sweet, white crystalline substance which is valuable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sucrose — (Saccharose, almindeligt sukker) er et kulhydrat (disaccharid) sammensat af glucose og fructose. Ved hydrolyse kan sucrose adskilles i disse bestanddele, hvorved fremkommer en blanding kaldet invertsukker …   Danske encyklopædi

  • sucrose — sucrose. См. сахароза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • sucrose — 1857, formed from Fr. sucre sugar (see SUGAR (Cf. sugar)) + chemical suffix OSE (Cf. ose) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sucrose — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ a compound which is the chief component of cane or beet sugar. ORIGIN from French sucre sugar …   English terms dictionary

  • sucrose — [so͞o′krōs΄] n. [< Fr sucre,SUGAR + OSE1] Chem. a pure crystalline disaccharide extracted from sugar cane or sugar beets and consisting of glucose and fructose joined together in the molecule …   English World dictionary

  • Sucrose — Saccharose Saccharose Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sucrose — Strukturformel Kristallsystem monoklin sphenoidisch Allgemeines Name …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sucrose — /sooh krohs/, n. Chem. a crystalline disaccharide, C12H22O11, the sugar obtained from the sugarcane, the sugar beet, and sorghum, and forming the greater part of maple sugar; sugar. [1855 60; < F sucre SUGAR + OSE2] * * * or table sugar Organic… …   Universalium


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