sugar


sugar
One of the sugars, q.v., pharmaceutical forms are compressible s. and confectioner's s.. SEE ALSO: sugars. [G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]
- amino sugars sugars in which a hydroxyl group has been replaced with an amino group; e.g., d-glucosamine.
- beechwood s. d-xylose. See xylose.
- beet s. d-sucrose. See sucrose.
- blood s. See d-glucose.
- brain s. d-galactose. See galactose.
- cane s. d-sucrose. See sucrose.
- corn s. See d-glucose.
- deoxy s. a s. containing fewer oxygen atoms than carbon atoms and in which, consequently, one or more carbons in the molecule lack an attached hydroxyl group. SYN: desoxy s..
- desoxy s. SYN: deoxy s..
- fruit s. d-fructose. See fructose.
- gelatin s. SYN: glycine.
- grape s. See d-glucose.
- invert s. a mixture of equal parts of d-glucose and d-fructose produced by hydrolysis of sucrose (inversion).
- s. of lead SYN: lead acetate.
- malt s. SYN: maltose.
- manna s. SYN: mannitol.
- maple s. sucrose extracted from the sap of the s. maple, Acer saccharinum. SYN: saccharum canadense.
- milk s. SYN: lactose.
- oil s. SYN: oleosaccharum.
- pectin s. d-arabinose. See arabinose.
- reducing s. a s., such as glucose in the urine, that has the property of reducing various inorganic ions, notably cupric ion to cuprous ion.
- specific soluble s. SYN: specific capsular substance.
- starch s. See d-glucose.
- wood s. d-xylose. See xylose.

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sug·ar 'shu̇g-ər n
1) a sweet crystallizable substance that consists chiefly of sucrose, is colorless or white when pure and tending to brown when less refined, is obtained commercially from sugarcane or sugar beet and less extensively from sorghum, maples, and palms, and is important as a source of dietary carbohydrate and as a sweetener and preservative for other foods and for drugs and in the chemical industry as an intermediate
2) any of various water-soluble compounds that vary widely in sweetness and comprise the oligosaccharides including sucrose

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n.
any carbohydrate that dissolves in water, is usually crystalline, and has a sweet taste. Sugars are classified chemically as monosaccharide or disaccharide. Table sugar is virtually 100% pure sucrose and contains no other nutrient; brown sugar is less highly refined sucrose. Sugar is used as both a sweetening and preserving agent. See also fructose, glucose, lactose.

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sug·ar (shoogґər) any of a class of sweet, water-soluble, crystallizable carbohydrates, which are the monosaccharides and smaller oligosaccharides; often used specifically for sucrose. In animals, they are the chief source of energy and their derivatives are universal constituents of structural materials (e.g., glycosaminoglycans, cellulose).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Sugar — Sug ar, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp. az[ u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a] sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.] 1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sugar fm — was an unlicensed radio station broadcasting chart, dance and R B music to Dublin. It launched in October 2003 and ceased broadcasting in July 2004.Background to Sugar FMSugar FM was effectively a re incarnation of an earlier Dublin pirate… …   Wikipedia

  • şugar — ŞUGÁR, Ă, şugari, e, adj. (reg.) Zvelt, suplu, subţire. – Din magh. sugár. Trimis de LauraGellner, 03.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  ŞUGÁR adj. v. subţiratic, subţire, suplu, zvelt. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  ŞUGÁR s …   Dicționar Român

  • Sugar — puede hacer referencia a: Para la interfaz gráfica en desarrollo para el proyecto OLPC vea Sugar GUI. Sugar (banda), banda de indie rock norteamericana encabezada por Bob Mould. La canción Sugar del grupo de rock System of a Down. En Mitología a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sugar — Sug ar, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sugared}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sugaring}.] 1. To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with. When I sugar my liquor. G. Eliot. [1913 Webster] 2. To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sugar — o Maju es el consorte de la Gran Diosa vasca Mari. Tiene sin embargo un papel mucho más oscuro. Etimología. Sugar: suge + ar: serpiente macho, dragón. También se sugiere: su + gar: llama del fuego. La etimología de Maju es desconocida. Una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • sugar — [shoog′ər] n. [ME sucre < OFr < OSp azúcar or OIt zucchero, both < Ar sukkar < Pers šakar < Sans śárkarâ, akin to śarkaraḥ, pebble] 1. any of a class of sweet, soluble, crystalline carbohydrates, as the disaccharides and the… …   English World dictionary

  • sugar — SUGÁR, Ă, sugari, e, adj. (Adesea substantivat) Sugaci. – Suge + suf. ar. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  SUGÁR s. prunc, sugaci, nou născut, (înv. şi pop.) plod, (înv. şi reg.) cocon, poroboc, sugător, (Mold. şi Transilv.)… …   Dicționar Român

  • sugar — ► NOUN 1) a sweet crystalline substance obtained especially from sugar cane and sugar beet. 2) Biochemistry any of the class of soluble crystalline sweet tasting carbohydrates, including sucrose and glucose. 3) informal, chiefly N. Amer. used as… …   English terms dictionary

  • Sugar — Sug ar, v. i. In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; with the preposition off. [Local, U.S.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sugar — (engl., spr. Schugg r), der Zucker …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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