sulfur


sulfur
An element, atomic no. 16, atomic wt. 32.066, that combines with oxygen to form s. dioxide (SO2) and s. trioxide (SO3), and these with water to make strong acids, and with many metals and nonmetallic elements to form sulfides; mildly laxative; has been used to treat rheumatism, gout, and bronchitis, and externally in the treatment of skin diseases. SYN: brimstone. [L. s., brimstone, s.]
- s. dioxide SO2; a colorless, nonflammable gas with a strong, suffocating odor; a powerful reducing agent used to prevent oxidative deterioration of food and medicinal products. SEE ALSO: sulfurous acid. SYN: sulfurous oxide.
- s. iodide has been used in the treatment of certain skin diseases.
- liver of s. SYN: sulfurated potash.
- precipitated s. sublimed s. boiled with lime water, the lime being removed from the precipitate by washing with diluted hydrochloric acid; used in preparing s. ointment and in the treatment of various skin disorders. SYN: lac sulfuris, milk of s..
- roll s. sublimed s. melted and cast in cylindrical molds; sometimes called brimstone.
- soft s. an allotropic form obtained by dropping very hot melted s. into water; it is then temporarily of a viscid or waxy consistency.
- sublimed s. used in preparing s. ointment and in the treatment of various skin disorders. SYN: flowers of s..
- s. trioxide SO3; forms sulfuric acid, H2SO4, by its reaction with water. SYN: sulfuric oxide.
- washed s. sublimed s. macerated in diluted ammonia water to remove the free acid; same therapeutic uses as sublimed s..
- wettable s. s. prepared from calcium polysulfide solution containing a protective colloid such as casein; it is easily dispersed and suspended in water.

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sul·fur or chiefly Brit sul·phur 'səl-fər n a nonmetallic element that occurs either free or combined esp. in sulfides and sulfates, is a constituent of proteins, exists in several allotropic forms including yellow orthorhombic crystals, resembles oxygen chemically but is less active and more acidic, and is used esp. in the chemical and paper industries, in rubber vulcanization, and in medicine for treating skin diseases symbol S see ELEMENT (table)
sulfur or chiefly Brit sulphur adj of, relating to, or resembling sulfur: containing or impregnated with sulfur

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sul·fur (S) (sulґfər) [L.] a nonmetallic element existing in many allotropic forms; atomic number, 16; atomic weight, 32.064. It occurs in protein, being a constituent of the amino acids cysteine and methionine. Sulfur is a laxative and diaphoretic and is used in diseases of the skin; it formerly was used for a variety of other medicinal purposes.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • sulfur — [sul′fər] n. [ME sulphur < L] 1. a pale yellow, nonmetallic chemical element found in crystalline or amorphous form: it burns with a blue flame and a stifling odor and is used in vulcanizing rubber and in making matches, paper, gunpowder,… …   English World dictionary

  • sulfur — (n.) also sulphur, c.1300, from O.Fr. soufre (13c.), from L.L. sulfur, from L. sulphur, probably from a root meaning to burn. Ousted native BRIMSTONE (Cf. brimstone) and cognate O.E. swefl …   Etymology dictionary

  • sulfur — (Brit. sulphur) ► NOUN 1) a combustible non metallic chemical element which typically occurs as yellow crystals. 2) the material of which hellfire and lightning were formerly believed to consist. ORIGIN Latin sulfur, sulphur …   English terms dictionary

  • Sulfur — (lat.), der Schwefel (s.d.). S. aurātum [77] antimonii, so v.w. Antimonpersulfid, s.u. Antimon (Chem.) E) c). S. praecipitātum, s. Schwefel II. S. stibiatum aurantiăcum, so v.w. Antimonpersulfid, s.u. Antimon (Chem.) E) c). S. s. rubĕum, so v.w.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sulfur — (Sulphur, lat.), Schwefel; S. auratum Antimonii, S. stibiatum aurantiacum, Goldschwefel, s. Antimonsulfide; S. depuratum, mit Wasser und Ammoniak gewaschene Schwefelblüte; S. jodatum, Jodschwefel, aus 1 Teil Schwefel und 4 Teilen Jod… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sulfur — (Sulphur, lat.), Schwefel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sulfur — Sulfur, lat., Schwefel; Sulfide, Schwefelsäuren; Sulfurid, Schwefelverbindung; sulfuriren, schwefeln; sulfurös, schwefelig; Sulfuration, Verbindung mit Schwefel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • súlfur — s. m. Solução medicamentosa de enxofre, obtida pela homeopatia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Sulfur — This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Sulfur (disambiguation). phosphorus ← sulfur → chlorine …   Wikipedia

  • sulfur — /sul feuhr/, n. 1. Also, esp. Brit., sulphur. Chem. a nonmetallic element that exists in several forms, the ordinary one being a yellow rhombic crystalline solid, and that burns with a blue flame and a suffocating odor: used esp. in making… …   Universalium


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