1. The mutual relation, physiologic or pathologic, between two organs, systems, or parts of the body. 2. Mental contagion, as seen in mass hysteria or in the yawning induced by seeing another person yawn. 3. An expressed sensitive appreciation or emotional concern for and sharing of the mental and emotional state of another person. Cf.:empathy (1). [G. sympatheia, fr. sym- + pathos, suffering]

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sym·pa·thy 'sim-pə-thē n, pl -thies
1 a) an affinity, association, or relationship between persons or things wherein whatever affects one similarly affects the other
b) mutual or parallel susceptibility or a condition brought about by it
2 a) the act or capacity of entering into or sharing the feelings or interests of another
b) the feeling or mental state brought about by such sensitivity

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(in physiology) a reciprocal influence exercised by different parts of the body on one another.

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sym·pa·thy (simґpə-the) [Gr. sympatheia] 1. compassion for another person's thoughts, feelings, and experiences; cf. empathy. 2. an influence produced in any organ by disease, disorder, or other change in another part. 3. a relation which exists between people or things such that change in the state of one is reflected in the other.

Medical dictionary. 2011.


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