tartaric acid


tartaric acid
Made from crude tartar; a laxative and refrigerant; used in the manufacture of various effervescing powders, tablets, and granules.

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tar·tar·ic acid (.)tär-.tar-ik- n a strong dicarboxylic acid C4H6O6 of plant origin that occurs in three optically isomeric crystalline forms esp a dextrorotatory L-form of tartaric acid that is widely distributed in plants and esp. in fruits (as grapes) both free and combined as salts and that is used chiefly in effervescent beverages and pharmaceutical preparations, in desserts and candies, in photography, in making salts and esters, and as a sequestering agent

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tar·tar·ic ac·id (tahr-tarґik) 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid, a dicarboxylic acid; its salts (tartrates) are used in food preparation (cream of tartar) and have been used as cathartics. Tartaric acid has two asymmetric carbon atoms and has three structural isomers: two enantiomers, d- and l-tartaric acid, and one meso compound, meso-tartaric acid, which is a diastereomer of the other two.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tartaric acid — Tartaric acid[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Tartaric acid — Tartaric Tar*tar ic, a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to tartar; derived from, or resembling, tartar. [1913 Webster] {Tartaric acid}. (a) An acid widely diffused throughout the vegetable kingdom, as in grapes, mountain ash berries, etc., and obtained… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tartaric acid — n. an acid, HOOC(CHOH) 2COOH, a clear, colorless crystal or a white, crystalline powder, found in vegetable tissues and fruit juices and obtained commercially from tartar: it is used in dyeing, photography, medicine, etc …   English World dictionary

  • tartaric acid — Chem. an organic compound, C4H6O6, existing in four isomeric forms, the common or dextrorotatory isomer being a white, crystalline, water soluble powder or transparent crystals: used in effervescent beverages, baking powders, confections,… …   Universalium

  • Tartaric acid — Strukturformel D (–) Form (links oben) und L (+) Form (rechts oben) sowie meso Form (unten) mit intramolekularer Spiegelebene ( ) Allgemeines Name …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tartaric acid — vyno rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HOOC(CHOH)₂COOH atitikmenys: angl. tartaric acid rus. винная кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – 2,3 dihidroksibutano dirūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • tartaric acid — noun a) a white crystalline acid that occurs naturally in many plants, and in wine; it is used as the salts cream of tartar and Rochelle salt b) The aldaric acid, 2,3 dihydroxy succinic acid Syn: erythraric acid …   Wiktionary

  • tartaric acid — noun an acid found in many fruits; used in soft drinks and confectionery and baking powder • Hypernyms: ↑hydroxy acid • Hyponyms: ↑racemic acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • tartaric acid — noun Date: 1810 a strong dicarboxylic acid C4H6O6 of plant origin that occurs in various isomeric forms, is usually obtained from tartar, and is used especially in food and medicines, in photography, in wine making, and in making salts and esters …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tartaric acid — tar|tar|ic ac|id [ta:ˌtærık ˈæsıd US ta:r ] n [U] a strong acid that comes from a plant and is used in preparing some foods and medicines …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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