theobromine


theobromine
An alkaloid resembling caffeine and theophylline in its action and chemical structure, prepared from the dried ripe seed of Theobroma cacao or made synthetically; formerly used widely as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, dilator of coronary arteries, and smooth muscle relaxant. Compounds with calcium gluconate, calcium salicylate, sodium acetate, sodium lactate, and sodium salicylate have been listed.

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theo·bro·mine .thē-ə-'brō-.mēn, -mən n a bitter alkaloid C7H8N4O2 closely related to caffeine that occurs esp. in cacao beans and is used as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, and vasodilator

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n.
an alkaloid, occurring in cocoa, coffee, and tea, that has a weak diuretic action and dilates coronary and other arteries. It was formerly used to treat angina.

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the·o·bro·mine (the″o-broґmin) one of the methylxanthines, a white crystalline alkaloid found in cocoa or made synthetically from xanthine. It has physiologic properties similar to those of caffeine, and is used as a diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, myocardial stimulant, and vasodilator. Derivatives such as t. calcium salicylate, t. sodium acetate, t. sodium salicylate, t. sodium formate, and t. salicylate are available for use. Dogs consuming excessive amounts of cocoa sometimes suffer toxic effects from the theobromine, such as vomiting, diarrhea, muscle spasms, and coma.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Théobromine — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theobromine — Théobromine Théobromine Général N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • théobromine — [ teɔbrɔmin ] n. f. • 1843; de théobroma (1765) « mets des dieux », nom sc. du cacaoyer, du gr. theos « dieu » et brôma « nourriture » ♦ Biochim. Alcaloïde principal du cacao, qui se trouve également dans le thé, le café, la noix de cola. La… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Theobromine — The o*bro mine, n. (Chem.) An alkaloidal ureide, {C7H8N4O2}, homologous with and resembling caffeine, produced artificially, and also extracted from cacao and chocolate (from {Theobroma Cacao}) as a bitter white crystalline substance; called also …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • theobromine — theobromine. См. теобромин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • theobromine — [thē΄ō brō′mēn΄, thē΄ō brō′min] n. [< ModL Theobroma, a genus of trees of the sterculia family < Gr theos, god (see THEO ) + brōma, food + INE3] a bitter, crystalline alkaloid, C7H8N4O2, extracted from the leaves and seeds of the cacao… …   English World dictionary

  • Theobromine — Drugbox IUPAC name = 3,7 dihydro 3,7 dimethyl 1H purine 2,6 dione CAS number=83 67 0 ATC prefix=C03 ATC suffix=BD01 ATC supplemental=ATC|R03|DA07 PubChem=5429 DrugBank= C=7 | H=8 | N=4 | O=2 smiles=C [n] 1cnc2N(C)C(=O)NC(=O)c12 synonyms=… …   Wikipedia

  • theobromine — /thee euh broh meen, min/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, water insoluble, poisonous powder, C7H8N4O2, an isomer of theophylline and lower homologue of caffeine, occurring in tea and obtained from the cacao bean: used chiefly as a diuretic,… …   Universalium

  • theobromine — cacaine ca*ca ine, n. (Chem.) The essential principle of cacao; now called {theobromine}. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • theobromine — teobrominas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alkaloidas. formulė (CH₃)₂(O=)₂C₅H₂N₄ atitikmenys: angl. theobromine rus. теобромин ryšiai: sinonimas – 3,7 dimetil 2,6(1H) purindionas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas