thrombocytopenia
A condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood. SYN: thrombopenia. [thrombocyte + G. penia, poverty]
- autoimmune neonatal t. SYN: isoimmune neonatal t..
- essential t. a primary form of t., in contrast to secondary forms that are associated with metastatic neoplasms, tuberculosis, and leukemia involving the bone marrow, or with direct suppression of bone marrow by the use of chemical agents, or with other conditions.
- immune t. t. associated with antiplatelet antibodies. See isoimmune neonatal t..
- isoimmune neonatal t. immune t. resulting from maternal-fetal platelet incompatibility. SYN: autoimmune neonatal t..

* * *

throm·bo·cy·to·pe·nia .thräm-bə-.sīt-ə-'pē-nē-ə, -nyə n persistent decrease in the number of blood platelets that is often associated with hemorrhagic conditions called also thrombopenia
throm·bo·cy·to·pe·nic -nik adj

* * *

n.
a reduction in the number of platelet in the blood. This results in bleeding into the skin (see purpura), spontaneous bruising, and prolonged bleeding after injury. Thrombocytopenia may result from failure of platelet production or excessive destruction of platelets.
thrombocytopenic adj.

* * *

throm·bo·cy·to·pe·nia (throm″bo-si″to-peґne-ə) [thrombocyte + -penia] decrease in the number of platelets, such as in thrombocytopenic purpura. See also pancytopenia.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • thrombocytopenia — [thräm΄bō sīt΄ə pē′nē ə] n. a decrease below normal in the number of blood platelets in the blood thrombocytopenic [thräm΄bō sīt΄əpē′nik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Thrombocytopenia — Infobox Disease Name = Thrombocytopenia Caption = DiseasesDB = 27522 ICD10 = ICD10|D|69|6|d|65, ICD10|P|61|0|p|50 ICD9 = ICD9|287.3, ICD9|287.4, ICD9|287.5 ICDO = OMIM = 188000 OMIM mult = OMIM2|313900 MedlinePlus = 000586 eMedicineSubj =… …   Wikipedia

  • thrombocytopenia — /throm boh suy teuh pee nee euh/, n. an abnormal decrease in the number of blood platelets. [1920 25; THROMBOCYTE + O + PENIA] * * * ▪ medical disorder       abnormally low number of platelets (platelet) (thrombocytes) in the circulation.… …   Universalium

  • thrombocytopenia — n. a reduction in the number of platelets in the blood. This results in bleeding into the skin (see purpura), spontaneous bruising, and prolonged bleeding after injury. Thrombocytopenia may result from failure of platelet production or excessive… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • thrombocytopenia — noun a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood • Syn: ↑thrombopenia • Hypernyms: ↑blood disease, ↑blood disorder • Hyponyms: ↑essential thrombocytopenia …   Useful english dictionary

  • thrombocytopenia — noun Etymology: New Latin, from International Scientific Vocabulary thrombocyte + New Latin o + penia Date: 1923 persistent decrease in the number of platelets in the blood that is often associated with hemorrhagic conditions • thrombocytopenic… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • thrombocytopenia — Gross deficiency in platelet number, consequently a tendency to bleeding …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • thrombocytopenia — noun An abnormally low number of platelets in the blood. Syn: thrombopenia …   Wiktionary

  • thrombocytopenia — n. decrease in the number of platelets in the blood …   English contemporary dictionary

  • thrombocytopenia — [ˌθrɒmbə(ʊ)ˌsʌɪtə(ʊ) pi:nɪə] noun Medicine deficiency of platelets in the blood, leading to bleeding into the tissues, bruising, and slow blood clotting after injury. Origin 1920s: from thrombocyte + Gk penia poverty …   English new terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”