thymidine


thymidine
1-(2-Deoxyribosyl)thymine; one of the four major nucleosides in DNA (the others being deoxyadenosine, deoxycytidine, and deoxyguanosine). SYN: deoxythymidine, thymine deoxyribonucleoside.
- t. phosphorylase phosphorylase that catalyzes the phosphorolysis of t.; i.e., t. and Pi react to form thymine and 2-deoxy-d-ribose 1-phosphate.
- tritiated t. t. containing the hydrogen α-emitting radionuclide, tritium (3H or hydrogen-3); used as a marker to measure and localize by radioautography the synthesis of DNA, into which it is incorporated.

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thy·mi·dine 'thī-mə-.dēn n a nucleoside C10H14N2O5 that is composed of thymine and deoxyribose and occurs as a structural part of DNA

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n.
a compound containing thymine and the sugar ribose. See also nucleoside.

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thy·mi·dine (thiґmĭ-dēn) a pyrimidine nucleoside, thymine linked by its N1 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose; symbol T. The term is commonly used as a synonym for deoxythymidine (dT), for it was thought that thymidine-containing ribonucleosides do not exist, which would make the prefix deoxy- unnecessary. However, it is now known that thymine, produced by post-transcriptional methylation of uracil, occurs as a rare base in rRNAs and tRNAs; therefore the term should be restricted to the ribonucleoside and ribonucleotide forms.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thymidine — Identifiers CAS number 50 89 5  …   Wikipedia

  • thymidine — n. f. BIOCHIM Nucléoside constitué par l association de la thymine et d un pentose, le ribose. (Son dérivé, la thymidine phosphate, est un constituant spécifique de l acide désoxyribonucléique.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • thymidine — thymidine. См. тимидин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • thymidine — [thī′mə dēn΄, thī′mədin] n. [< THYMINE + ID(E) + INE3] a crystalline nucleoside, C10H14N2O5, one of the basic components of DNA: used chiefly in biochemical research …   English World dictionary

  • Thymidine — Désoxythymidine Désoxythymidine Schéma de la désoxythymidine Général Synonymes thymidine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • thymidine — timidinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis nukleozidas santrumpa( os) Thd, dThd atitikmenys: angl. deoxythymidine; thymidine rus. дезокситимидин; тимидин ryšiai: sinonimas – deoksitimidinas sinonimas – 1 β D 2 deoksi D ribofuranoziltimidinas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • thymidine — noun Etymology: thymine + idine Date: 1912 a nucleoside C10H14N2O5 that is composed of thymine and deoxyribose and occurs as a structural part of DNA …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • thymidine — Term that is always used in practice for the nucleoside thymine deoxyriboside; not the riboside which naming of the other nucleosides might lead one to expect …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • thymidine — /thuy mi deen /, n. Biochem. a nucleoside, C10H14N2O5, containing thymine and deoxyribose, that is a constituent of DNA. [b. THYMINE and IDE] * * * …   Universalium

  • thymidine — noun The nucleoside consisting of a combination of deoxyribose and thymine …   Wiktionary