tincture


tincture
An alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solution prepared from vegetable materials or from chemical substances; most tinctures are prepared by percolation or by maceration. The proportions of drug represented in the different tinctures are not uniform, but vary according to the established standards for each. Tinctures of potent drugs essentially represent the activity of 10 g of the drug in each 100 mL of t., the potency being adjusted after assay; most other tinctures represent 20 g of drug in each 100 mL of t.. Compound tinctures are made according to long-established formulas. SYN: tinctura.
- alcoholic t. a t. made with undiluted alcohol.
- ammoniated t. a t. made with ammoniated alcohol.
- belladonna t. a green hydroalcoholic mobile liquid containing the alkaloids atropine and scopolamine and other substances extracted from the leaves of Atropa belladonna, the botanical source for these anticholinergic drugs. The t. allows for gradual titration of dose by counting drops of the preparation ingested. Formerly widely used in ulcer therapy or the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea, alone or in combination with antacids and insoluble clays.
- digitalis t. an hydroalcoholic solution containing the glycosides of the leaves of the foxglove (digitalis) plant Digitalis purpurea or D. lanata. Although digitalis preparations are used extensively, they are currently used as the pure glycosides, digoxin and digitoxin. The t. was formerly widely used but was standardized by bioassay using frogs, cats, or pigeons.
- ethereal t. a class of preparations consisting of 10% percolations of drugs in a menstruum of ether (1) and alcohol (2).
- glycerinated t. a t. made with diluted alcohol to which glycerin is added to facilitate the extraction or to preserve the preparation.
- green soap t. a liquid preparation containing potassium soaps and alcohol; frequently advocated in skin cleansing, particularly after exposure to plant toxins such as poison ivy.
- hydroalcoholic t. a t. made with diluted alcohol in various proportions with water.

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tinc·ture 'tiŋ(k)-chər n a solution of a medicinal substance in an alcoholic or hydroalcoholic menstruum compare LIQUOR (b)

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n.
an alcoholic extract of a drug derived from a plant.

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tinc·ture (tinkґchər) [L. tingere to wet, to moisten] an alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solution prepared from vegetable materials or from chemical substances.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tincture — Tinc ture, n. [L. tinctura a dyeing, from tingere, tinctum, to tinge, dye: cf. OE. tainture, teinture, F. teinture, L. tinctura. See {Tinge}.] 1. A tinge or shade of color; a tint; as, a tincture of red. [1913 Webster] 2. (Her.) One of the metals …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tincture — Tinc ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tinctured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tincturing}.] 1. To communicate a slight foreign color to; to tinge; to impregnate with some extraneous matter. [1913 Webster] A little black paint will tincture and spoil twenty gay… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tincture — index minimum, penetrate Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • tincture — (n.) c.1400, from L. tinctura act of dyeing or tingeing, from tinctus dye, pp. of tingere to tinge, dye, moisten, soak, from PIE root *teng to soak (Cf. O.H.G. dunkon to soak, Gk. tengein to moisten ). Meaning solution of medicine in a mixture of …   Etymology dictionary

  • tincture — n *touch, suggestion, tinge, suspicion, soupçon, shade, smack, spice, dash, vein, strain, streak …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • tincture — ► NOUN 1) a medicine made by dissolving a drug in alcohol. 2) a slight trace. 3) Heraldry any of the conventional colours used in coats of arms. ► VERB (be tinctured) ▪ be tinged or flavoured with a slight trace of. ORIGIN Latin tinctura dyeing …   English terms dictionary

  • tincture — [tiŋk′chər] n. [ME < L tinctura < tinctus, pp. of tingere, to dye: see TINGE] 1. Obs. a dye 2. a light color; tint; tinge 3. a slight admixture or infusion of some substance or quality; trace, smattering, etc. 4. Heraldry any color, metal,… …   English World dictionary

  • Tincture — In medicine, a tincture is an alcoholic extract (e.g. of leaves or other plant material) or solution of a non volatile substance; e.g. of iodine, mercurochrome). To qualify as a tincture, the alcoholic extract is to have a ethanol percentage of… …   Wikipedia

  • tincture —    An extract, usually herbal, and usually made with a mixture of water and alcohol, although there were official tinctures that also used acetic acid, chloroform and glycerin. Only a few tinctures are still official in the U.S., including… …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • tincture — UK [ˈtɪŋktʃə(r)] / US [ˈtɪŋktʃər] noun Word forms tincture : singular tincture plural tinctures 1) a) [countable/uncountable] a medicine made by mixing a small amount of a drug with alcohol b) British humorous an alcoholic drink 2) [singular]… …   English dictionary

  • tincture — /tingk cheuhr/, n., v., tinctured, tincturing. n. 1. Pharm. a solution of alcohol or of alcohol and water, containing animal, vegetable, or chemical drugs. 2. a slight infusion, as of some element or quality: A tincture of education had softened… …   Universalium


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