transfusion


transfusion
Transfer of blood or blood component from one individual (donor) to another individual (receptor). [L. transfundo, pp. -fusus, to pour from one vessel to another]
- drip t. t. slow enough to measure by drops.
- exchange t. removal of most of a patient's blood followed by introduction of an equal amount from donors. SYN: exsanguination t., substitution t., total t..
- exsanguination t. SYN: exchange t..
- fetomaternal t. passage of fetal blood into maternal circulation.
- indirect t. t. into a patient of blood previously obtained from a donor and stored under suitable conditions. SYN: mediate t..
- intramedullary t. t., most commonly in infants, into the medullary cavity of a long bone, usually the femur or tibia.
- intrauterine t. to treat erythroblastosis fetalis, Rh-negative blood is placed into the peritoneal cavity of the fetus.
- mediate t. SYN: indirect t..
- placental t. return to the newborn via the umbilical vessels of some of the fetal placental blood.
- reciprocal t. an attempt to confer immunity by transfusing blood taken from a donor into a receiver suffering from the same affection, the balance being maintained by transfusing an equal amount from the receiver to the donor.
- subcutaneous t. an infusion of absorbable solutions beneath the skin.
- substitution t. SYN: exchange t..
- total t. SYN: exchange t..
- twin-twin t. direct vascular anastomosis, arterial or venous, between the placental circulations of twins.

* * *

trans·fu·sion tran(t)s-'fyü-zhən n
1) the process of transfusing fluid into a vein or artery
2) something transfused

* * *

n.
1. the injection of a volume of blood obtained from a healthy person (the donor) into the circulation of a patient (the recipient) whose blood is deficient in quantity or quality, through accident or disease. Direct transfusion from one person to another is rarely performed; usually packs of carefully stored blood of different blood group are kept in blood bank for use as necessary. During transfusion the blood is allowed to drip, under gravity, through a needle inserted into one of the recipient's veins. Blood transfusion is routine during major surgical operations in which much blood is likely to be lost.
2. the administration of any fluid, such as plasma or saline solution, into a patient's vein by means of a drip. See also autotransfusion.

* * *

trans·fu·sion (trans-fuґzhən) [L. transfusio] the introduction of whole blood or blood components directly into the bloodstream. Cf. infusion.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • transfusion — [ trɑ̃sfyzjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1665; « changement » 1307; lat. transfusio « transvasement », de transfundere → transfuser 1 ♦ Anciennt Opération qui consistait à faire passer dans une veine d un malade (généralement après saignée) une certaine quantité… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Transfusion — sanguine Une transfusion sanguine est une opération consistant à injecter, par perfusion intraveineuse, du sang ou des dérivés sanguins. Dans le système de santé français actuel, seuls les médecins, infirmiers et sages femmes ont le droit de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Transfusion — may refer to: * Blood transfusion, the introduction of blood directly into an individual’s blood circulation through a vein * Transfusion (EP) , an EP by Powderfinger * Transfusion (journal), a research journal on blood transfusion and related… …   Wikipedia

  • transfusión — f. med. Aportación de sangre por vía intravenosa de un sujeto a otro con la condición de que ambos posean una compatibilidad de grupo, es decir, posean el mismo grupo sanguíneo o simplemente son compatibles. Es una técnica que se utiliza en… …   Diccionario médico

  • Transfusion — Sf Blutübertragung per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Neoklassische Bildung. Neoklassische Bildung zu l. trānsfundere von einem Gefäß in ein anderes gießen , zu l. fundere gießen und l. trāns .    Ebenso nndl. transfusie, ne. transfusion, nfrz.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Transfusion — Trans*fu sion, n. [L. transfusio: cf. F. transfusion.] 1. The act of transfusing, or pouring, as liquor, out of one vessel into another. Howell. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) The act or operation of transferring the blood of one man or animal into the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transfusion — Transfusion. subst. f. Il n a guere d usage qu en parlant d une Operation de Chirurgie par laquelle on fait passer le sang du corps d un animal en un autre. On a voulu establir la transfusion du sang …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • transfusión — (Del lat. transfusĭo, ōnis). f. Acción y efecto de transfundir. transfusión de sangre. f. Med. Operación por medio de la cual se hace pasar directa o indirectamente la sangre o plasma sanguíneo de las arterias o venas de un individuo a las… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • transfusion — transfusion. См. переливание крови. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Transfusion — (v. lat), 1) Übergießung, Verpflanzung einer Flüssigkeit auf eine andere Stelle; 2) T. des Blutes, Operation, durch welche man aus einer Vene eines Thieres od. eines Menschen en tzogenes Blut in die Vene eines anderen Individuums überströmen läßt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Transfusion — (lat.), Überführung von frischem lebensfähigen Blut eines gesunden Menschen in das Gefäßsystem eines Kranken nach lebensgefährlichem Blutverlust oder nach tiefgreifender Beeinträchtigung der Lebensfähigkeit der Blutkörperchen, wie z. B. nach… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.