The principles of genetics, specifically of single-gene traits, based on the work of Gregor Mendel (1822-84), a Moravian monk and biologist who established the laws that are the foundation of classical genetics. Mendel lived in an Augustinian monastery where teaching and research were emphasized and where he was given the freedom to pursue scientific studies in the diverse fields that interested him: mathematics, botany, physics, and meteorology. His meticulous controlled experiments with breeding peas in the monastery garden led him to conclude that the heritable units (now called genes) were not blends of parental traits but rather were separate physical entities passed individually from one generation to the next. The report in 1865 of Mendel's discoveries went unnoticed for some years. Charles Darwin never read the copy of Mendel’s paper he received The only scientist who did acknowledge it (a German botanist named Nageli) managed to misinterpret it. Finally in 1900 (16 years after his death), Mendel’s paper was rediscovered independently by three different scientists. With the rediscovery of Mendel’s work, he came to be recognized as the father of the new science of genetics. Mendelian inheritance is the manner in which genes and traits are passed from parents to their children. The modes of Mendelian inheritance are autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant and X-linked recessive.
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The hereditary principles of single gene traits derived from Mendel laws.

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Men·del·ism 'men-dəl-.iz-əm n the principles or the operations of Mendel's laws also mendelian INHERITANCE
Men·del·ist -dəl-əst adj or n

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the theory of inheritance based on Mendel's laws.

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men·del·ism (menґdəl-iz″əm) the principles of heredity derived from Mendel's laws.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mendelism — MENDELÍSM s.n. Concepţie care susţine că transmiterea caracterelor ereditare se face potrivit legilor dominaţiei, segregării şi combinării independente a caracterelor. – Din fr. mendélisme. Trimis de LauraGellner, 27.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Mendelism — Mendelism. См. Менделизм. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Mendelism — (n.) 1903, in reference to the work of Gregor Johann Mendel (1822 1884), Austrian biologist who enunciated the laws of heredity. Related: Mendelian …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mendelism — [men′dəl iz΄əm] n. the theory of heredity as formulated by Gregor Mendel Mendelist adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Mendelism — mendelizmas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Organizmų požymių paveldimumo tyrinėjimai, paremti eksperimentiniu hibridų ir jų palikuonių tyrimu. Tai pradinis genetikos tarpsnis. atitikmenys: angl. Mendelism rus. менделизм …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Mendelism — Mendelian Men*de li*an, prop. a. [See {Mendel s law}.] 1. (Biol.) Pert. to Mendel, or to Mendel s law; as, Mendelian inheritance. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. (Biol.) Behaving or being in accordance with Mendel s laws of inheritance; said of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mendelism — noun Date: 1903 the principles or the operations of Mendel s laws; also Mendelian inheritance • Mendelist adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mendelism — n. [Gregor Mendel] Particulate inheritance of chromosomal genes …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • Mendelism — /men dl iz euhm/, n. the theories of heredity advanced by Gregor Mendel. Also, Mendelianism /men dee lee euh niz euhm, deel yeuh /. [1900 05; MENDEL + ISM] * * * ▪ genetics       the principles of heredity formulated by the Austrian Augustinian… …   Universalium

  • Mendelism — noun a) The whole body of principles of heredity formulated by , that represent the basis of genetics. b) The study of heredity of character …   Wiktionary

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