- Obsolete name for Down syndrome. Down syndrome refers to the 19th century English physician J. Langdon Down who described the condition in 1866. In great error, Langdon Down attributed the condition to a "reversion" to the "mongoloid race." He held that evolution had been reversed and there had been a sort of backslide from the superior Caucasian to the inferior Oriental race. The misnomer "mongolism" is incorrect and racist and is to be avoided.
* * *
* * *n.
* * *mon·go·lism (mongґgo-liz-əm) term formerly used for Down syndrome; now considered offensive.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
mongolism — MONGOLÍSM s.n. Boală congenitală care se datoreşte prezenţei unui cromozom suplimentar şi care se caracterizează prin debilitate mintală şi printr un facies de tip mongoloid (2). – Din fr. mongolisme. Trimis de LauraGellner, 04.06.2004. Sursa:… … Dicționar Român
Mongolism — [mäŋ′gəl iz΄əm, män′gəl iz΄əm] n. [often m ] former term for DOWN SYNDROME … English World dictionary
mongolism — Down syndrome Down syn drome, Down s syndrome Down s syn drome, n. (Med.) A congenital disorder caused by an extra chromosome 21 in some or all cells. It causes a variable number and degree of abnormalities, including retarded growth, mental… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
mongolism — mongol, mongolism, mongoloid terms formerly used for sufferers of what is now called Down s syndrome, are considered offensive and should be avoided … Modern English usage
mongolism — Mongol ► NOUN 1) a person from Mongolia. 2) (mongol) offensive a person with Down s syndrome. DERIVATIVES mongolism noun (offensive ). USAGE The term mongol was adopted in the late 19th century to refer to a person suffering from Down s syn … English terms dictionary
mongolism — noun Date: 1900 sometimes offensive Down syndrome … New Collegiate Dictionary
mongolism — See Down s syndrome … Dictionary of molecular biology
mongolism — /mong geuh liz euhm, mon /, n. (sometimes cap.) Pathol. (no longer in technical use) Down syndrome. [1895 1900; MONGOL + ISM] * * * … Universalium
mongolism — noun Down syndrome … Wiktionary
mongolism — Synonyms and related words: Christmas disease, Hartnup disease, Werdnig Hoffmann disease, achromatic vision, albinism, amentia, arrested development, backwardness, blithering idiocy, color blindness, cretinism, cystic fibrosis, dichromatic vision … Moby Thesaurus