- A term that refers to the effects of antipsychotic drugs on a patient, especially on his or her cognition and behavior. Neuroleptic drugs may produce a state of apathy, lack of initiative and limited range of emotion. In psychotic patients, neuroleptic drugs cause a reduction in confusion and agitation and tend to normalize psychomotor activity. The term comes from the Greek "lepsis" meaning a taking hold.
* * *Any of a class of psychotropic drugs used to treat psychosis, particularly schizophrenia; includes the phenothiazine, thioxanthene, and butyrophenone derivates and the dihydroindolones. SYN: n. agent. SEE ALSO: antipsychotic agent. [neuro- + G. lepsis, taking hold]
* * *neuroleptic adj
* * *neu·ro·lep·tic (noor″o-lepґtik) [neuro- + Gr. lēpsis a taking hold] a term coined to refer to the effects on cognition and behavior of the original antipsychotic agents, which produced a state of apathy, lack of initiative, and limited range of emotion and in psychotic patients caused a reduction in confusion and agitation and normalization of psychomotor activity. The term is still used to refer to agents used to produce such effects as part of anesthesia or analgesia; however, it is outdated as a synonym for antipsychotic agents because newer agents do not necessarily have such effects. See antipsychotic.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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neuroleptic — NEUROLÉPTIC, Ă, neuroleptici, ce, adj., s.n. (Medicament, substanţă) cu efect sedativ asupra sistemului nervos. [pr.: ne u ] – Din fr. neuroleptique. Trimis de cata, 10.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98 NEUROLÉPTÍC s. v. neuroplegic. Trimis de siveco,… … Dicționar Român
neuroleptic — [noor΄ō lep′tik, nyoor΄ō lep′tik] adj. [Fr neuroleptique < Gr neuron, NERVE + lēptos, seizing < lambanein, to seize: see EPILEPSY] tranquilizing n. a tranquilizing drug … English World dictionary
neuroleptic — noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired • Syn: ↑major tranquilizer, ↑major tranquillizer, ↑major tranquilliser, ↑antipsychotic drug, ↑antipsychotic agent, ↑antipsychotic, ↑neuroleptic drug, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
neuroleptic — noun Etymology: French neuroleptique, from neur + leptique affecting, from Greek lēptikos seizing, from lambanein to take, seize more at latch Date: 1958 antipsychotic • neuroleptic adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
Neuroleptic — The term neuroleptic was coined by Jean Delay and Pierre Deniker in 1952 at a French language psychiatry conference in Paris for the kind of drug that reduces the symptoms of psychosis; neuroleptics are called antipsychotics in the United… … Historical dictionary of Psychiatry
neuroleptic — /noor euh lep tik, nyoor /, n., adj. antipsychotic. [1955 60; < F neuroleptique, equiv. to neuro NEURO + leptique < Gk leptikós disposed to take, equiv. to lep (verbid s. of lambánein to seize) + tikos TIC; see LEPSY] * * * … Universalium
neuroleptic — 1. noun An antipsychotic drug. Syn: antipsychotic 2. adjective Having antipsychotic properties. Syn: antipsychotic … Wiktionary
neurolèptic — neu|ro|lèp|tic Mot Pla Nom masculí … Diccionari Català-Català
neuroleptic — neu·ro·lep·tic … English syllables
neuroleptic — neu•ro•lep•tic [[t]ˌnʊər əˈlɛp tɪk, ˌnyʊər [/t]] adj. n. psi antipsychotic • Etymology: 1955–60; < F neuroleptique=neuro neuro + leptique (see organoleptic), on the model of psycholeptique orig., lessening psychic tension … From formal English to slang