- Gland that regulates calcium, located behind the thyroid gland in the neck. The parathyroid secretes a hormone called parathormone (or parathyrin) that is critical to calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Although the number of parathyroid glands can vary, most people have four, one above the other on each side. They are plastered against the back of the thyroid and therefore at risk for being accidentally removed during thyroidectomy.
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* * *parathyroid adj1) adjacent to a thyroid gland2) of, relating to, or produced by the parathyroid glands
* * *par·a·thy·roid (par″ə-thiґroid) [para- + thyroid] 1. beside the thyroid gland. (in the pl.) 2. parathyroid glands.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
parathyroid — [par΄əthī′roid΄] adj. [ PARA 1 + THYROID] 1. situated alongside or near the thyroid gland 2. designating or of any of usually four small, oval glands on or near the thyroid gland that secrete parathormone n. a parathyroid gland … English World dictionary
parathyroid — 1. adjective a) Situated near the thyroid gland. b) Pertaining to the parathyroid glands or their extracts. 2. noun a) The parathyroid gland. b) A parathyroid hormone … Wiktionary
parathyroid — I. noun Date: 1895 parathyroid gland II. adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1895 of, relating to, or produced by the parathyroid glands … New Collegiate Dictionary
parathyroid — /par euh thuy royd/, Anat. adj. 1. situated near the thyroid gland. n. 2. See parathyroid gland. [1895 1900; PARA 1 + THYROID] * * * … Universalium
parathyroid — parÂ·aÂ·thyÂ·roid || â€špÃ¦rÉ™ Î¸aÉªrÉ”Éªd n. one of the small secretory glands located behind the thyroid gland adj. pertaining to the parathyroid, pertaining to the small secretory glands located behind the thyroid gland (Anatomy) … English contemporary dictionary
parathyroid — par•a•thy•roid [[t]ˌpær əˈθaɪ rɔɪd[/t]] adj. 1) anat. situated near the thyroid gland 2) anat. parathyroid gland • Etymology: 1895–1900 … From formal English to slang
parathyroid — /pærəˈθaɪrɔɪd/ (say paruh thuyroyd) adjective 1. situated near the thyroid gland. –noun 2. a parathyroid gland … Australian English dictionary
parathyroid — n. & adj. Anat. n. a gland next to the thyroid, secreting a hormone that regulates calcium levels in the body. adj. of or associated with this gland. * * * parathyroid etc.: see para 1 1 … Useful english dictionary
parathyroid — noun Anatomy a gland next to the thyroid which secretes a hormone that regulates calcium levels in a person s body … English new terms dictionary
parathyroid — para·thyroid … English syllables