ARD
Acronym that stands for a disorder known as Adult Respiratory Distress or Acute Respiratory Distress. Also referred to as ARDS (ARD Syndrome). In ARD there is respiratory failure of sudden (acute) onset due to the rapid accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) following an abrupt increase in the permeability of the normal barrier between the capillaries and the air sacs in the lungs. ARD is the most serious response to acute lung injury. (Dr. Stephen R. Yarnall wrote recently in our medical school class reunion book: "My family rallied around me after I was hospitalized due to injuries sustained when I fell from a chair lift. I developed ARDS and nearly died, but survived, and am now practicing medicine part-time." — Editor, MedicineNet.com) The types of acute lung injury that may lead to ARD are very diverse. They include (but are by no means limited to) aspiration (getting thing down the wrong way), inhalation of a toxic substance, widespread (diffuse) infection of the lungs, sepsis (blood infection) and near-drowning. ARD forces the muscles of the lungs to work harder causing labored breathing (huffing and puffing). Despite the effort, breathing is inefficient. There is hypoxemia (an abnormally low level of oxygen in the blood), a characteristic feature of ARD. The treatment of ARD frequently involves the transient use of a mechanical ventilator to help breathing. Vaccines were developed for adenovirus serotypes 4 and 7, but were available only for preventing ARD among military recruits. Beginning in 1971, all (American) military recruits were vaccinated against adenovirus, but the sole manufacturer of the vaccine halted production in 1996. And as supplies dwindled, adenoviral infection reemerged in the US military.
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absolute reaction of degeneration; acute radiation disease; acute respiratory disease; adult respiratory distress; allergic respiratory disease; ancillary report display; anorectal dressing; aortic root diameter; arthritis and rheumatic diseases; atopic respiratory disease

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ARD abbr acute respiratory disease

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acute respiratory disease (of any undefined form); acute respiratory distress (see under syndrome).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ard — ard·ri; blink·ard; bri·ard; cow·ard·ice; cow·ard·li·ness; cow·ard·ness; croc·ard; dot·ard; drunk·ard; ech·ard; gris·ard; hap·haz·ard·ly; hap·haz·ard·ness; hap·haz·ard·ry; haz·ard·er; haz·ard·less; haz·ard·ous; haz·ard·ous·ly; haz·ard·ous·ness;… …   English syllables

  • -ard — ♦ Élément, d o. germ., de noms et d adjectifs auxquels il donne une nuance péjorative ou vulgaire : froussard, revanchard. ard, arde Suffixe d adj. et de noms, à valeur péjor. ou vulgaire (ex. vantard), ou à valeur neutre (ex. campagnard). ⇒ ARD …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ARD 2 — Allgemeine Informationen Empfang: analog terrestrisch Länder: Bundesrepublik Deutschland Sendeanstalt: ARD …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ard-Ri — Ard rí Érenn Le Ard rí Érenn désigne, dans la mythologie celtique et l’histoire médiévale de l’Irlande, le souverain qui règne sur la totalité de l’île. « Ard rí » signifie roi suprême (parfois traduit par « haut roi ») et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ard — « ARD » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir ARD (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ARD — Ard, ARD, Ards or ARDS may refer to:Ard: *Ard (plough) or scratch plough, a type of plough consisting of a simple spike dragged through the soil *Ard, a son of Benjamin in the Bible: see ARD: *ARD (broadcaster), the German association of public… …   Wikipedia

  • Ard — steht für: Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, siehe ARD umgangssprachlich für das Fernsehprogramm Das Erste Acquired Rights Directive, die EG Richtlinie 2001/23/EG zur Wahrung von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • -ard — ard, art art The termination of many English words; as, coward, reynard, drunkard, mostly from the French, in which language this ending is of German origin, being orig. the same word as English hard. It usually has the sense of one who has to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ard-Rí — est un jeu inspiré des principes de Diplomatie. « Ard Rí » signifie « roi suprême » en gaélique irlandais. Jeu conçu par Stuart John Bernard en 1998, joué dans un premier temps sur Internet, il n’a été édité que deux ans plus… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ARD — [aː|ɛr deː] die; ; nur Sg, (D) 1 (Abk für Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) mehrere Rundfunkanstalten, die sich zusammengeschlossen haben, um gemeinsam das Programm zu gestalten 2 das …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • ard — ÁRD, Ă elem. peiorativ, depreciativ . (< fr., germ. ard) Trimis de raduborza, 01.02.2008. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

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