Plastic surgery


Plastic surgery
: The field of surgery concerned with reducing scarring or disfigurement that may occur as a result of accidents, birth defects, or treatment for diseases, such as melanoma. Many plastic surgeons also perform cosmetic surgery that is unrelated to medical conditions, such as rhinoplasty to change the shape of the nose. Plastic surgery was developed as a field of medicine by Harold Delf Gillies (1882-1960). In 1918 he became the first physician to specialize in plastic surgery. Born in New Zealand, Gillies studied and stayed in England. At the beginning of World War II he was one of only 4 qualified plastic surgeons in England. Dr. Gillies once confessed, "Often while lifting a face I have a feeling of guilt that I am merely making money," adding, "Yet, is it not justified if it brings even a little extra happiness to a soul who needs it?"

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plastic surgery n a branch of surgery concerned with the repair, restoration, or improvement of lost, injured, defective, or misshapen parts of the body chiefly by transfer of tissue also an operation performed for such a purpose

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a branch of surgery dealing with the reconstruction of deformed or damaged parts of the body. It also includes the replacement of parts of the body that have been lost. If performed simply to improve appearances plastic surgery is called cosmetic surgery (or aesthetic plastic surgery), but most plastic surgery involves the treatment and repair of disfigurement and disability caused by burns, major accidents, and cancer and the correction of congenital defects, such as cleft lip and cleft palate.

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surgery concerned with the restoration, reconstruction, correction, or improvement in the shape and appearance of body structures that are defective, damaged, or misshapen by injury, disease, or growth and development.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plastic surgery — Plastic surgeon Occupation Names Doctor, Medical Specialist Activity sectors Surgery Description Education required MD or MBBS or DO US[1] Plastic surgery is a …   Wikipedia

  • plastic surgery — plastic surgeon. the branch of surgery dealing with the repair or replacement of malformed, injured, or lost organs or tissues of the body, chiefly by the transplant of living tissues. [1830 40] * * * Surgery to correct disfigurement, restore… …   Universalium

  • Plastic surgery — Plastic Plas tic (pl[a^]s t[i^]k), a. [L. plasticus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to form, mold: cf. F. plastique.] 1. Having the power to give form or fashion to a mass of matter; as, the plastic hand of the Creator. Prior. [1913 Webster] See plastic Nature… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plastic surgery — n. surgery dealing with the repair or restoration of injured, deformed, or destroyed parts of the body, esp. by transferring tissue, as skin or bone, from other parts or from another individual plastic surgeon n …   English World dictionary

  • plastic surgery — [n] cosmetic surgery blepharoplasty, breast implant, breast reduction, collagen injections, dermabrasion, dermatoplasty, eyelift, face lift, face lifting, liposuction, mammaplasty, mammoplasty, nose job, reconstructive surgery, rhinoplasty, skin… …   New thesaurus

  • plastic surgery — n [U] the medical practice of changing the appearance of people s faces or bodies, either to improve their appearance or to repair injuries >.plastic surgeon n …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • plastic surgery — noun uncount medical operations to improve the appearance of a part of someone s body, either to repair an injury or to make them more attractive ─ compare COSMETIC SURGERY …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • plastic surgery — ► NOUN ▪ the reconstruction or repair of parts of the body by the transfer of tissue, either in the treatment of injury or for cosmetic reasons …   English terms dictionary

  • plastic surgery — noun surgery concerned with therapeutic or cosmetic reformation of tissue • Syn: ↑reconstructive surgery, ↑anaplasty • Hypernyms: ↑operation, ↑surgery, ↑surgical operation, ↑surgical procedure, ↑surgical p …   Useful english dictionary

  • plastic surgery — a branch of surgery dealing with the reconstruction of deformed or damaged parts of the body. It also includes the replacement of parts of the body that have been lost. If performed simply to improve appearances plastic surgery is called cosmetic …   The new mediacal dictionary


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