Prions


Prions
A newly discovered type of disease-causing agent, neither bacterial nor fungal nor viral, and containing no genetic material. A prion is a protein that occurs normally in a harmless form. By folding into an aberrant shape, the normal prion turns into a rogue agent. It then coopts other normal prions to become rogue prions. Prions have been held responsible for a number of degenerative brain diseases, including mad cow disease, Creutzfeldt- Jacob disease, fatal familial insomnia, kuru, an unusual form of hereditary dementia known as Gertsmann-Straeussler-Scheinker disease, and possibly some cases of Alzheimer's disease. Dr. Stanley B. Prusiner received the 1997 Nobel Prize in physiology or Medicine for his discovery of prions.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prions — prions. См. прионы. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Prions — Prion Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Un prion est une protéine impliquée dans des pathologies nommées « maladies à prions ». Un prion est un oiseau de mer de la famille des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • prions — See PrP, Gerstmann Straussler Scheinker syndrome. Suggested as the causative agents of several infectious diseases such as scrapie (in sheep), kuru and Creutzfeldt Jakob diseasein man. Prions (proteinaceous infective particles) apparently contain …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • prions — n. theoretical infectious agent that is composed only of a protein (and has no genetic material) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Prions en Église — est une revue née au Canada en 1936 sous le nom de Prie avec l’Église. En 1965, changement de titre, impulsé par le nouveau souffle du concile Vatican II : Prions en Église Jusqu’à cette époque, existait seulement une édition dominicale… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Les prions — Prion (protéine) Pour les articles homonymes, voir prion. Topologie de la PrPC Un prion est un type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fungal prions — have been investigated, leading to a deeper understanding of disease forming mammalian prions.Prion like proteins are found naturally in some plants and non mammalian animals. Some of these are not associated with any disease state and may… …   Wikipedia

  • прионы — prions прионы. Возбудители некоторых нейродегенеративных заболеваний человека и животных (например, scrapie <см.>, <prion diseases>), состоящие преимущественно или исключительно из аномальной изоформы гликопротеина (PrPSc, где Sc =… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Prion — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Prion Diseases (TSEs) ICD10 = A81 ICD9 = ICD9|046 A prion (IPAEng|ˈpriːɒn [OED|Prion] Audio|Pronunciation prion.ogg|listen) is thought to be an infectious agent that, according to current scientific consensus, is… …   Wikipedia

  • Prion (protéine) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir prion. Topologie de la PrPC Un prion est un type d’agent pathogène de nature protéique (const …   Wikipédia en Français


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