- Reciprocal translocation
- A type of chromosome rearrangement involving the exchange of chromosome segments between two chromosomes that do not belong to the same pair of chromosomes. A specific reciprocal translocation might, for example, involve the swap of material between chromosomes 1 and 19.
* * *reciprocal translocation n exchange of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes called also segmental interchange
* * *(rcp) the complete mutual exchange of fragments between two broken nonhomologous chromosomes, one part of one uniting with part of the other, with no fragments left over. See illustration at aberration.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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reciprocal translocation — reciprocal translocation. См. сегментный обмен. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
reciprocal translocation — noun : exchange of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes * * * Genetics. an exchange of segments between two nonhomologous chromosomes. [1940 45] * * * reciprocal translocation noun (biology) Mutual exchange of non homologous portions between… … Useful english dictionary
reciprocal translocation — Genetics. an exchange of segments between two nonhomologous chromosomes. [1940 45] * * * … Universalium
reciprocal translocation — /rəˌsɪprəkəl trænzləˈkeɪʃən/ (say ruh.sipruhkuhl tranzluh kayshuhn) noun an atypical interchange of parts of two or more pairs of non homologous chromosomes, ordinarily giving a ring of such chromosomes … Australian English dictionary
Translocation, reciprocal — A type of chromosome rearrangement involving the exchange of chromosome segments between two chromosomes that do not belong to the same pair of chromosomes. A specific reciprocal translocation might, for example, involve the swap of material… … Medical dictionary
translocation — 1. Transposition of two segments between nonhomologous chromosomes as a result of abnormal breakage and refusion of reciprocal segments. 2. Transport of a metabolite across a biomembrane. [trans + L. location, placement, fr. loco, to place]… … Medical dictionary
translocation — Rearrangement of a chromosome in which a segment is moved from one location to another, either within the same chromosome or to another chromosome. This is sometimes reciprocal, when one fragment is exchanged for another … Dictionary of molecular biology
Chromosomal translocation — of the 4th and 20th chromosome. In genetics, a chromosome translocation is a chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes. A gene fusion may be created when the translocation joins two otherwise… … Wikipedia
Robertsonian translocation — A special type of non reciprocal translocation in chromosomes whereby the long arms of two non homologous acrocentric chromosomes are attached to a single centromere. The short arms become attached to form a reciprocal structure that however… … Dictionary of molecular biology
Robertsonian translocation — is a common form of chromosomal rearrangement that occurs in the five acrocentric human chromosome pairs, namely 13, 14, 15, 21, and 22. They are named after the American insect geneticist W. R. B. Robertson, who first described a Robertsonian… … Wikipedia