RNA, messenger
A class of RNA that is the template upon which polypeptides are put together. Abbreviated mRNA.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • RNA — For other uses, see RNA (disambiguation). A hairpin loop from a pre mRNA. Highlighted are the nucleobases (green) and the ribose phosphate backbone (blue). Ribonucleic acid (English pronunciation: /raɪbɵ.njuːˌkleɪ.ɨk ˈæsɪd/), or RNA, is one of… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA — Genetics. ribonucleic acid: any of a class of single stranded molecules transcribed from DNA in the cell nucleus or in the mitochondrion or chloroplast, containing along the strand a linear sequence of nucleotide bases that is complementary to… …   Universalium

  • RNA polymerase II — (also called RNAP II and Pol II) is an enzyme found in eukaryotic cells. It catalyzes the transcription of DNA to synthesize precursors of mRNA and most snRNA and microRNA. [cite journal | author = Kronberg, R.D. | title = Eukaryotic… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA interference — (RNAi) is a mechanism that inhibits gene expression at the stage of translation or by hindering the transcription of specific genes. RNAi targets include RNA from viruses and transposons (significant for some forms of innate immune response), and …   Wikipedia

  • RNA interference — n a posttranscriptional genetic mechanism of various eukaryotes (as plants, fungi, nematodes, and mammals) which suppresses gene expression and in which double stranded RNA cleaved into small fragments initiates the degradation of a complementary …   Medical dictionary

  • Messenger — (englisch für „Bote“) steht für: Instant Messenger, ein Programm zur schriftlichen Sofortkommunikation MESSENGER, eine NASA Raumsonde Messenger (Band), eine deutsche Powermetal Band messenger RNA, RNA Transkript eines zu einem Gen gehörigen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RNA-Edition — RNA Editing (deutsch: RNA Edition) ist ein biochemischer Vorgang innerhalb bestimmter Zellen oder Zellorganellen, der im Verlauf der Genexpression nach der Transkription und vor der Translation stattfinden kann. Der Begriff beschreibt die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RNA-Editing — (deutsch: RNA Editierung) ist ein biochemischer Vorgang innerhalb bestimmter Zellen oder Zellorganellen, der im Verlauf der Genexpression nach der Transkription und vor der Translation stattfinden kann. Der Begriff beschreibt die Modifizierung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RNA-induced silencing complex — RNA induced silencing complex, or RISC, is a multi protein siRNA complex which cleaves (incoming viral) dsRNA and binds short antisense RNA strands which are then able to bind complementary strands. When it finds the complementary strand, it… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA-induced transcriptional silencing — (RITS) is a form of RNA interference by which short RNA molecules such as small interfering RNA (siRNA) trigger the downregulation of transcription of a particular gene or genomic region. This is usually accomplished by posttranslational… …   Wikipedia

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