- Rubella syndrome
- The constellation of abnormalities caused by infection with the rubella (German measles) virus before birth. The syndrome is characterized by multiple congenital malformations (birth defects) and mental retardation. The individual features of the syndrome include growth retardation, microcephaly (abnormally small head), cataracts, glaucoma, microphthalmia (abnormally small eyes), cardiovascular malformations, hearing loss, and mental retardation. Deafness is common. After birth the child may develop diabetes due to gradual destruction of the pancreas by the rubella virus. The child has a 50% risk of being born with the congenital rubella syndrome, if the mother is infected with rubella in the first trimester (the first third) of pregnancy. Risks still exist with infection in the second trimester The discovery of the congenital rubella syndrome by the Australian ophthalmologist (eye doctor) NM Gregg in 1941 is of historic importance. It provided the first evidence that the placental barrier between the mother and the fetus does not fully protect the fetus from teratogens (agents that can cause birth defects). The rubella epidemic of 1963-1965 resulted in 1,800,000 infected individuals, approximately 20,000 fetal deaths and about 30,000 infants born with congenital rubella syndrome. Since the introduction of the rubella vaccine in 1969 there are less than 120 cases of congenital rubella syndrome reported each year. The condition also goes by the name of fetal rubella effects.
* * *congenital rubella s.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Congenital rubella syndrome — Classification and external resources Congenital Cataracts (white pupils) due to congenital rubella syndrome ICD … Wikipedia
Congenital rubella syndrome — The constellation of abnormalities caused by infection with the rubella (German measles) virus before birth. The syndrome is characterized by multiple congenital malformations (birth defects) and mental retardation. The individual features of the … Medical dictionary
congenital rubella syndrome — A wide array of congenital defects affecting the heart, eyes, and ears of a fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy, and caused by the rubella virus … Dictionary of microbiology
Rubella — eMedicine2|derm|259 MeshID = D012409Rubella, commonly known as German measles, is a disease caused by Rubella virus. The name is derived from the Latin, meaning little red . Rubella is also known as German measles because the disease was first… … Wikipedia
Syndrome, congenital rubella — The constellation of abnormalities caused by infection with the rubella (German measles) virus before birth. The syndrome is characterized by multiple congenital malformations (birth defects) and mental retardation. The individual features of the … Medical dictionary
Rubella — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 B06.0 Röteln mit neurologischen Komplikationen B26.8 Röteln mit sonstigen Komplikationen B26.9 … Deutsch Wikipedia
rubella — /rooh bel euh/, n. Pathol. a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if contracted by a woman during early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to… … Universalium
Rubella vaccine — A vaccine designed to prevent rubella, or German measles. German measles was once seen merely as a child s unpleasant rite of passage. It was thought to be a mild malady that was usually over and done in three days. So what? Then an outbreak of… … Medical dictionary
rubella — An acute but mild exanthematous disease caused by r. virus (Rubivirus family Togaviridae), with enlargement of lymph node s, but usually with little fever or constitutional reaction; a high incidence … Medical dictionary
rubella embryopathy — congenital rubella syndrome … Medical dictionary