RV (rotavirus)
Aside from recreational vehicle, RV is an abbreviation for rotavirus, a leading cause of severe winter diarrhea in young children. Each year RV causes an estimated 500,000 doctor visits and 50,000 hospital admissions in the United States. Almost every child catches RV before entering school but, with rehydration (and good nutrition), nearly all recover fully. However, in poor countries RV is estimated to be responsible for at least 600,000 deaths of children under 5 years from RV diarrhea and dehydration yearly. Aside from causing acute infantile gastroenteritis and diarrhea in young children, RV infection is typically accompanied by low-grade fever. A vaccine against RV has been found to provide a high level of protection against severe diarrhea caused RV. A report to this effect appeared in The New England Journal of Medicine (vol. 337, pp. 1181-7, 1997). The RV vaccine was licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in August, 1998. However, in July of 1999 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) jointly recommended that rotavirus vaccination be postponed until November, 1999. This recommendation was made as a precaution because of some reports of intussception (telescoping and blockage of the intestine) in infants who had had rotavirus vaccination. Rotavirus was discovered in 1973 and took its name from its wheel- like appearance (rota means wheel in Latin).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rotavirus — Rotavirus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rotavirus — Rotaviren in einer TEM Aufnahme (Längenmaßstab 100 nm) Systematik Reich: Viren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rotavirus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Rotavirus Una micrografía electrónica de Rotavirus: obsérvese el aspecto de «rueda» del virión …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rotavirus translation — Rotavirus translation, the process of translating mRNA into proteins, occurs in a different way in Rotaviruses. Unlike the vast majority of cellular proteins in other organisms, in Rotaviruses the proteins are translated from capped but… …   Wikipedia

  • rotavirus — género de virus de la familia de los Reoviridiae. Son responsables de cuadros diarreicos infantiles no epidémicos (enteritis por Rotavirus [ICD 10: 01 001 A08.0]) uno de los procesos patológicos más frecuentes en las poblaciones infantiles del… …   Diccionario médico

  • rotavirus del adulto — (RVAD) Forma de rotavirus causante de cierta forma de diarrea grave en los adultos. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • rotavirus — [rōt′ə vī΄rəs] n. any of a genus (Rotavirus) of wheel shaped reoviruses that cause gastroenteritis, esp. in infants …   English World dictionary

  • Rotavirus — См. Ротавирусы (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • rotavirus — n. m. BIOL Virus responsable de gastro entérites chez les nourrissons et les voyageurs en pays tropicaux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • rotavirus — (n.) 1974, wheel shaped virus causing inflammation of the lining of the intestines, from L. rota wheel (see ROTARY (Cf. rotary)) + VIRUS (Cf. virus) …   Etymology dictionary

  • rotavirus — rotavírus m DEFINICIJA biol. virus iz porodice Reoviridae, uzročnik gastroenteritisa ETIMOLOGIJA lat. rota: kotač + v. virus …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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