Salt


Salt
In medicine, salt usually refers to sodium chloride, table salt, used for seasoning food, for the preservation of meat, etc. Salt is found in the earth and in sea water and is isolated by evaporation and crystallization from sea water and other water impregnated with particles of salt. The salt content of food is usually given in terms of "Sodium." For example, the label on a can of lentil soup may list "Sodium 440mg" per cup (242g). The adjective for "salt" most often used in medicine is not salty but "saline."
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1. A compound formed by the interaction of an acid and a base, the ionizable hydrogen atoms of the acid being replaced by the positive ion of the base. 2. Sodium chloride, the prototypical s.. 3. A saline cathartic, especially magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, or Rochelle s.; often denoted by the plural, salts. SYN: sal. [L. sal]
- acid s. a s. in which not all of the ionizable hydrogen of the acid is replaced by the electropositive element; e.g., NaHSO4, KH2PO4. SYN: protosalt.
- artificial Carlsbad s. a mixture of potassium sulfate, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, and dried sodium sulfate; a laxative.
- basic s. a s. in which there are one or more hydroxyl ions not replaced by the electronegative element of an acid; e.g., Fe(OH)2Cl.
- bile salts the s. forms of bile acids; e.g., taurocholate, glycocholate.
- bone s. bone-s..
- common s. SYN: sodium chloride.
- diazonium salts salts of a theoretical base, R–ΞN or R–N=NOH, useful in histochemistry to demonstrate tissue phenols and aryl amines or with enzymatically released naphthols and naphthylamines to form the chromophore azo group –N=N–; diazonium salts contain only one R–ΞN group, tetrazonium salts contain two, and hexazonium salts contain three; examples include fast garnet GBC base and naphthol AS.
- double s. a s. in which two different positive ions are bonded to the same negative ion, or vice versa; e.g., NaKSO4.
- effervescent salts preparations made by adding sodium bicarbonate and tartaric and citric acid s to the active s.; when thrown into water the acids break up the sodium bicarbonate, setting free the carbonic acid gas.
- Epsom salts SYN: magnesium sulfate.
- hexazonium salts diazonium salts that contain three azo groups.
- Reinecke s. an ammonium s. prepared by fusing ammonium thiocyanate with ammonium dichromate; dark red crystals; used in the detection and analysis of primary and secondary amines, including amino acid s; also used as a reagent for mercury.
- Rivière s. SYN: potassium citrate.
- Rochelle s. SYN: potassium sodium tartrate.
- smelling salts SYN: aromatic ammonia spirit.
- s. substitute A low-sodium food additive that tastes like s., such as potassium chloride; useful as a dietary alternative to s..
- table s. SYN: sodium chloride.
- tetrazonium salts diazonium salts that contain two azo groups.
- s. of wisdom SYN: sal alembroth.
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skin-associated lymphoid tissue; Swedish Aspirin in Low Dose Trial

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salt 'sȯlt n
1 a) a crystalline compound NaCl that is the chloride of sodium, is abundant in nature, and is used esp. to season or preserve food or in industry called also common salt, sodium chloride
b) a substance (as Glauber's salt) resembling common salt
c) any of numerous compounds that result from replacement of part or all of the acid hydrogen of an acid by a metal or a group acting like a metal: an ionic crystalline compound
2) salts pl
a) a mineral or saline mixture (as Epsom salts) used as an aperient or cathartic
b) SMELLING SALTS
salt adj
1) SALINE, SALTY
2) being or inducing the one of the four basic taste sensations that is suggestive of seawater compare BITTER, SOUR, SWEET

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(sawlt) [A.S. sealt] 1. sodium chloride; common, or table, salt. 2. any compound of a base and an acid; any compound of an acid some of whose replaceable hydrogen atoms have been substituted. (in the pl.) 3. saline cathartic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Salt — Salt, n. [AS. sealt; akin to OS. & OFries. salt, D. zout, G. salz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. salt, L. sal, Gr. ?, Russ. sole, Ir. & Gael. salann, W. halen, of unknown origin. Cf. {Sal}, {Salad}, {Salary}, {Saline}, {Sauce}, {Sausage}.] 1. The chloride… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salt — Salt, a. [Compar. {Salter}; superl. {Saltest}.] [AS. sealt, salt. See {Salt}, n.] 1. Of or relating to salt; abounding in, or containing, salt; prepared or preserved with, or tasting of, salt; salted; as, salt beef; salt water. Salt tears.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salt — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para las conversaciones sobre limitación de armas estratégicas véase: SALT Salt Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • salt — [sôlt] n. [ME < OE sealt, akin to Ger salz < IE base * sal , salt > L sal, Gr hāls, salt, Sans salila, salty] 1. sodium chloride, NaCl, a white, crystalline substance with a characteristic taste, found in natural beds, in sea water, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Salt — • Always used for the seasoning of food and for the preservation of things from corruption, had from very early days a sacred and religious character Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Salt     Salt …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SALT — 〈[ sɔ:lt] Abk. für engl.〉 Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Verhandlungen (zw. den USA u. der ehem. UdSSR) über Vereinbarungen zur Begrenzung strateg. Waffen * * * I SALT   [sɔːlt],    1) Astronomie: Abk.Abkürzung für engl.englisch Southern… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • salt — ► NOUN 1) (also common salt) sodium chloride, a white crystalline substance which gives seawater its characteristic taste and is used for seasoning or preserving food. 2) Chemistry any compound formed by the reaction of an acid with a base, with… …   English terms dictionary

  • SALT — oder Salt bezeichnet: Southern African Large Telescope eine Gruppe von Verträgen zur nuklearen Rüstungsbegrenzung, siehe Strategic Arms Limitation Talks eine Reihe von proprietären Erweiterungen zu HTML, cHTML, XHTML und WML, siehe Speech… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Salt — Salt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Salted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Salting}.] 1. To sprinkle, impregnate, or season with salt; to preserve with salt or in brine; to supply with salt; as, to salt fish, beef, or pork; to salt cattle. [1913 Webster] 2. To fill… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • salt — SALT, salturi, s.n. 1. Mişcare bruscă prin care corpul se desprinde de la pământ, sărind pe loc sau deplasându se; mişcare de deplasare bruscă în zbor. 2. Trecere bruscă de la o situaţie ori stare la alta. – Din lat. saltus, it. salto. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Salt — (englisch für „Salz“) steht für: Salt (Girona), Stadt im Nordwesten von Spanien Salt (Kryptologie), in der Kryptografie ein zusätzlicher zufälliger Schlüssel Salt (Film), US amerikanischer Film aus dem Jahr 2010 Die Abkürzung SALT steht für:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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