African trypanosomiasis


African trypanosomiasis
African trypanosomiasis n any of several trypanosomiases caused by African trypanosomes esp SLEEPING SICKNESS (1)

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human trypanosomiasis endemic in tsetse fly–infested areas of tropical Africa. The early stage is manifested by hemolymphatic involvement with intermittent fever, anemia, rash, and transitory, localized edema. Later, invasion of the central nervous system occurs, with resultant meningoencephalitis, leading to extreme mental and physical lethargy, tremors, convulsions, and eventually coma and death. The disease occurs in two forms: East African and West African. Called also sleeping sickness or African sleeping sickness.

Medical dictionary. 2011.