basal metabolism


basal metabolism
basal metabolism n the turnover of energy in a fasting and resting organism using energy solely to maintain vital cellular activity, respiration, and circulation as measured by the basal metabolic rate

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the minimum amount of energy expended by the body to maintain vital processes, e.g. respiration, circulation, and digestion. It is expressed in terms of heat production per unit of body surface area per day (basal metabolic rate - BMR), and for an average man the BMR is 1.7 Calories (7.115 kilojoules) per day. BMR may be determined by the direct method, in which the subject is placed in a respiratory chamber and the amount of heat evolved is measured, or (more normally) by the indirect method, based on the respiratory quotient. Measurements are best taken during a period of least activity, i.e. during sleep and 12-18 hours after a meal, under controlled temperature conditions. Various factors, such as age, sex, and particularly thyroid activity, influence the value of the BMR.

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the minimal energy expended for the maintenance of respiration, circulation, peristalsis, muscle tonus, body temperature, glandular activity, and the other vegetative functions of the body. The rate of basal metabolism (basal metabolic rate) is measured by means of a calorimeter, in a subject at absolute rest, 14 to 18 hours after eating, and is expressed in calories per hour per square meter of body surface.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • basal metabolism — n. the minimum quantity of energy used or required to sustain life in an organism at rest: it is measured, in people, by the rate (basal metabolic rate) at which heat is given off by a conscious, resting person in a warm place 12 to 18 hours… …   English World dictionary

  • basal metabolism — noun the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state • Hypernyms: ↑metabolism, ↑metabolic process * * * noun : the metabolism of an organism in the fasting and resting state when it uses just enough energy… …   Useful english dictionary

  • basal metabolism — bazinė medžiagų apykaita statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Viso organizmo energijos išeiga, būtina gyvybei palaikyti ir organizmo funkcijoms laiduoti. atitikmenys: angl. basal metabolism vok. Grundumsatz, m rus. базовый обмен… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • basal metabolism — noun Date: 1913 the turnover of energy in a fasting and resting organism using energy solely to maintain vital cellular activity, respiration, and circulation as measured by the basal metabolic rate …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • basal metabolism — the minimum amount of energy expended by the body to maintain vital processes, e.g. respiration, circulation, and digestion. It is expressed in terms of heat production per unit of body surface area per day (basal metabolic rate – BMR), and for… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • basal metabolism — Physiol. the minimal amount of energy necessary to maintain respiration, circulation, and other vital body functions while fasting and at total rest. [1910 15] * * * …   Universalium

  • Basal Metabolism —   The amount of heat given off by a person at rest in a comfortable environment; approximately 50 Btu per hour (Btu/h) …   Energy terms

  • basal metabolism — ba′sal metab′olism n. phl the minimal amount of energy necessary to maintain respiration, circulation, and other vital body functions while fasting and at total rest • Etymology: 1910–15 …   From formal English to slang

  • basal metabolism — /ˌbeɪsəl məˈtæbəlɪzəm/ (say .baysuhl muh tabuhlizuhm) noun the energy turnover of an organism during total rest …   Australian English dictionary

  • basal metabolism —    The basic rate of combustion by a person, usually measured after sleep and while resting …   Herbal-medical glossary


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