Burkitt's lymphoma


Burkitt's lymphoma
Bur·kitt's lymphoma .bər-kəts- also Burkitt lymphoma -kət- n a malignant lymphoma that affects primarily the upper and lower jaws, orbit, retroperitoneal tissues situated near the pancreas, kidneys, ovaries, testes, thyroid, adrenal glands, heart, and pleura, that occurs esp. in children of central Africa, and that is associated with Epstein-Barr virus
Burkitt Denis Parsons (1911-1993)
British surgeon. In 1957 while in Uganda, Burkitt identified for the first time the cancer that now bears his name. In 1970 he published a monograph entitled Burkitt's Lymphoma.

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a malignant tumour of the lymphatic system, most commonly affecting children and largely confined to tropical Africa in a zone 15° north and south of the equator. It is the most rapidly growing malignancy, with a tumour doubling time of about five days. It can arise at various sites, most commonly the facial structures, such as the jaw, and in the abdomen. The Epstein-Barr virus plays a role in the origin and growth of the tumour. Complications affecting the nervous system occur in up to 50% of cases. Non-African Burkitt's lymphoma is increasingly being recognized. All forms are very sensitive to cytotoxic drug therapy but cure is uncommon.
D. P. Burkitt (1911-93), Irish surgeon

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Burkitt s tumour a malignant tumour of the lymphatic system, most commonly affecting children and largely confined to tropical Africa in a zone 15° north and south of the equator. It is the most rapidly growing malignancy, with a tumour doubling… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — [bʉr′kits] n. [after D. P. Burkitt (1911 93), Brit surgeon in Uganda who first described it (1958)] a cancer characterized by tumors containing lymphoid cells, occurring esp. in children, in the jaw, eyes, and internal organs: it is associated… …   English World dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Infobox Disease Name = Burkitt s lymphoma Caption = Burkitt lymphoma, touch prep, Wright stain DiseasesDB = 1784 ICD10 = ICD10|C|83|7|c|81 ICD9 = ICD9|200.2 ICDO = 9687/3 | OMIM = 113970 MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 256… …   Wikipedia

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — also Burkitt lymphoma noun Etymology: Denis Parsons Burkitt died 1993 British surgeon Date: 1963 a malignant lymphoma that occurs especially in children of central Africa and is associated with Epstein Barr virus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — /berr kits/, Pathol. a type of poorly differentiated malignant lymphoma, mainly afflicting children in central Africa, characterized by a large, bone destroying lesion of the jaw, an abdominal mass, or more diffuse disease: believed to be… …   Universalium

  • Burkitt’s lymphoma — cancer that affects children; named for Dr Dennis Burkitt …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — [ bə:kɪts] noun Medicine cancer of the lymphatic system, caused by the Epstein–Barr virus. Origin 1960s: named after the British surgeon Denis P. Burkitt …   English new terms dictionary

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — Bur′kitt s lympho′ma [[t]ˈbɜr kɪts[/t]] n. pat a cancer of the lymphatic system characterized by lesions of the jaw or abdomen, mainly affecting children in central Africa • Etymology: after Denis Parsons Burkitt (b. 1911), Irish physician, who… …   From formal English to slang

  • Burkitt's lymphoma — /bɜkəts lɪmˈfoʊmə/ (say berkuhts lim fohmuh) noun a tumour of lymphoid tissue, caused by a virus, and mainly found in children in specific areas of central Africa. {named after Denis Burkitt, 1911–93, British doctor, who first described it} …   Australian English dictionary

  • burkitt's lymphoma — n. Med. a malignant tumour of the lymphatic system, esp. affecting children of Central Africa. Etymology: D. P. Burkitt, Brit. surgeon b. 1911 …   Useful english dictionary


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