- A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity by operative or manual methods. A medical doctor specialized in the removal of organs, masses and tumors and in doing other procedures using a knife (scalpel). The definition of a "surgeon" has begun to blur in recent years as surgeons have begun to minimize the cutting, employ new technologies that are "minimally invasive," use scopes, etc. In England, a surgeon was once a practitioner without a degree of M.D. but with the license of the Royal College of Surgeons. The word "surgeon" is descended from the Greek word "cheirourgia" meaning "working with the hands, the practice of a handcraft."
* * *A physician who treats disease, injury, and deformity by operation or manipulation. [G. cheirougos; L. chirurgus]
* * *sur·geon 'sər-jən n1) a medical specialist who performs surgery: a physician qualified to treat those diseases that are amenable to or require surgery compare INTERNIST2) the senior medical officer of a military unit
* * *n.
* * *sur·geon (surґjən) [L. chirurgio; Fr. chirurgien] 1. a physician who specializes in surgery. 2. the senior medical officer of a military unit.
Medical dictionary. 2011.