Syndrome, battered child

Syndrome, battered child
A disease in which children are physically abused. The battered child syndrome is a form of child abuse. Not until the 19th century were children granted the same legal status as domesticated animals in regard to protection against cruelty and/or neglect. In 1962 the term “battered child syndrome” entered medicine. By 1976 all states in the United States had adopted laws mandating the reporting of suspected instances of child abuse. Child abuseinvolves a complex and dangerous set of problems that include child neglect and the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children. Child neglect is the most frequently reported form of child abuse and the most lethal. This form of abuse is defined as the failure to provide for the shelter, safety, supervision and nutritional needs of the child. Child neglect can be physical, educational, or emotional neglect. Physical neglect includes refusal of or delay in seeking health care, abandonment, expulsion from the home or refusal to allow a runaway to return home, and inadequate supervision. Educational neglect includes the allowance of chronic truancy, failure to enroll a child of mandatory school age in school, and failure to attend to a special educational need. Emotional neglect includes such actions as marked inattention to the child's needs for affection, refusal of or failure to provide needed psychological care, spouse abuse in the child's presence, and permission of drug or alcohol use by the child. Physical abuse is the second most frequently reported form of child abuse and is defined as physical injury inflicted upon the child with cruel and/or malicious intent. Physical abuse can be the result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise harming a child. The parent or caretaker may not have intended to hurt the child, rather the injury may have resulted from over-discipline or physical punishment. Emotional abuse is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse and includes acts or omissions by the parents or other caregivers that could cause serious behavioral, emotional, or mental disorders. For example, the parents/caregivers may use extreme or bizarre forms of punishment, such as confinement of a child in a dark closet. Emotional child abuse is also sometimes termed psychological child abuse, verbal child abuse, or mental injury of a child. Sexual abuse is the least frequently reported form of child abuse and is believed to be the most under-reported type of child maltreatment because of the secrecy or "conspiracy of silence" that so often characterizes these cases. Sexual abuse includes fondling a child's genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials. Fatal injuries from maltreatment can result from many different acts including severe head trauma (injury), shaken baby syndrome, trauma to the abdomen or chest, scalding, burns, drowning, suffocation, poisoning, etc.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • battered child syndrome — bat·tered child syn·drome / sin ˌdrōm, drəm/ n: the combination of grave physical injuries (as broken bones and bruises) that results from gross child abuse ◇ Evidence of battered child syndrome is often used to establish that a child s death was …   Law dictionary

  • battered child/spouse syndrome — A condition created by sustained physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse, which creates a variety of physical and emotional symptoms. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. battered child/spouse syndrome …   Law dictionary

  • battered-child syndrome — See battered person syndrome. Webster s New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000 …   Law dictionary

  • Battered child syndrome — A disease in which children are physically abused. The battered child syndrome is a form of child abuse. Not until the 19th century were children granted the same legal status as domesticated animals in regard to protection against cruelty and/or …   Medical dictionary

  • battered child syndrome — A medicolegal term which describes diagnosis of medical expert based on scientific studies that when child suffers certain types of continuing injuries that injuries were not caused by accidental means. Upon such finding, it is logical to presume …   Black's law dictionary

  • battered child syndrome — A medicolegal term which describes diagnosis of medical expert based on scientific studies that when child suffers certain types of continuing injuries that injuries were not caused by accidental means. Upon such finding, it is logical to presume …   Black's law dictionary

  • battered child syndrome — noun Date: 1962 the complex of physical injuries sustained by a grossly abused child …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • battered child syndrome — bat′tered child′ syn drome n. med the array of physical injuries exhibited by young children who have been beaten repeatedly or otherwise abused by their parents or guardians • Etymology: 1960–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • battered child syndrome — noun : the complex of grave physical injuries (as fractures, hematomas, and contusions) that results from gross abuse (as by a parent) of a young child …   Useful english dictionary

  • battered child syndrome — the array of physical injuries exhibited by young children who have been beaten repeatedly or otherwise abused by their parents or guardians. [1960 65] * * * …   Universalium


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