- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
- Creutz·feldt-Ja·kob disease also Creutz·feld-Ja·kob disease .krȯits-.felt-.yä-(.)kōb- n a rare progressive fatal spongiform encephalopathy now usu. considered to be caused by a prion and marked by the development of porous brain tissue, premature dementia in middle age, and gradual loss of muscular coordination abbr. CJD called also Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease see variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseaseCreutz·feldt 'kroits-.felt Hans Gerhard (1885-1964), andJa·kob 'yä-.kōp Alfons Maria (1884-1931)German psychiatrists. Creutzfeldt published his description of the disease now known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in 1920. A year later in the same neurological journal Jakob offered his description. Although Creutzfeldt's description is the original one, Jakob's is the better known of the two, so the disease is named in honor of both men.
* * *a rapidly progressive rare neurological disease, a form of human spongiform encephalopathy in which dementia progresses to death after a period of 3-12 months. There is no effective treatment. The causative agent is currently believed to be an abnormal prion protein that accumulates in the brain and causes widespread destruction of tissue. CJD typically affects middle-aged to elderly people. Some 15% of cases are due to a form of the disease that is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait but most cases are sporadic, susceptibility being genetically determined. A few cases of CJD are acquired: the agent is known to have been transmitted by tissue and organ transplantation and by human growth hormone injections, but the disease may take years to manifest itself. A variant form of acquired CJD (vCJD) affecting younger people has been linked with the consumption of meat products containing tissue from cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).H. G. Creutzfeldt (1885-1964) and A. M. Jakob (1884-1931), German psychiatrists
* * *Creutz·feldt-Ja·kob disease (kroitsґfelt yahґkōb) [Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt, German psychiatrist, 1885â€“1964; Alfons Maria Jakob, German psychiatrist, 1884â€“1931] see under disease.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease — Classification and external resources Tonsil biopsy in variant CJD. Prion Protein immunostaining. ICD 10 A … Wikipedia
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — ► NOUN ▪ a fatal degenerative disease affecting nerve cells in the brain. ● new variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease Cf. ↑new variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease ORIGIN named after the German neurologists H. G. Creutzfeldt and A. Jakob, who first… … English terms dictionary
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — [kroits΄felt yä′kōb, kroits΄feld yä′kôp] n. an incurable degenerative disease of the nervous system thought to be caused by an unusual virus that incubates in the body for many years before symptoms appear … English World dictionary
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — Infobox Disease Name = Creutzfeldt Jakob disease Caption = DiseasesDB = 3166 ICD10 = ICD10|A|81|0|a|80, ICD10|F|02|1|f|00 ICD9 = ICD9|046.1 ICDO = OMIM = 123400 MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = neuro eMedicineTopic = 725 MeshID = D007562 Creutzfeldt … Wikipedia
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — /kroyts felt yah kawp/, Pathol. a rare, usually fatal brain disorder caused by an unidentified pathogen and characterized by progressive dementia, blindness, and involuntary movements. Also, Creutzfeldt Jacob disease. Also called Jakob… … Universalium
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — noun rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control • Syn: ↑CJD, ↑Jakob Creutzfeldt disease • Hypernyms: ↑brain disorder,… … Useful english dictionary
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — CJD a rapidly progressive rare neurological disease, a form of human spongiform encephalopathy in which dementia progresses to death after a period of 3–12 months. There is no effective treatment. The causative agent is an abnormal prion protein… … The new mediacal dictionary
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease — [ˌkrɔɪtsfɛlt jakɒb] noun a fatal degenerative disease affecting nerve cells in the brain, believed to be caused by a prion. Phrases new variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease a form of the disease characterized by an early age of onset and possibly… … English new terms dictionary
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — also Creutzfeld Jakob disease noun Etymology: Hans G. Creutzfeldt died 1964 German psychiatrist and Alfons M. Jakob died 1931 German psychiatrist Date: 1963 a rare progressive fatal encephalopathy caused by a prion and marked by development of… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease — CreutzÂ·feldt JaÂ·kob disÂ·ease || â€škrÉ”Éªtsfelt jÃ¦kÉ’b CJD, rare degenerative brain disease named after Hans G. Creutsfeldt and Alfons Jakob (disease is characterized by memory loss, jerky movements, stiff posture and seizures caused by a… … English contemporary dictionary