T (thymine)
In genetics, T stands for thymine, one member of the A-T (adenine-thymine) base pair in DNA. The other base pair in DNA is G-C (guanine-cytosine). Each base pair forms a "rung of the DNA ladder." A DNA nucleotide is made of a molecule of sugar, a molecule of phosphoric acid, and a molecule called a base. The bases are the "letters" that spell out the genetic code. In DNA, the code letters are A, T, G, and C, which stand for the chemicals adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine, respectively. In base pairing, adenine always pairs with thymine, and guanine always pairs with cytosine.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Thymine — Structure de la 1,3H Thymine Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thymine-DNA glycosylase — Thymine DNA glycosylase, also known as TDG, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: TDG thymine DNA glycosylase| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=6996| accessdate = ] PBB Summary… …   Wikipedia

  • thymine — [ timin ] n. f. • 1877; de thymus et ine ♦ Biochim. Base pyrimidique entrant dans la composition des acides désoxyribonucléiques. ● thymine nom féminin Base pyrimidique C5H6N2O2, qui est un des constituants des acides désoxyribonucléiques.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • thymine — thymine. См. тимин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • thymine dimer — thymine dimer. См. тиминовый димер. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • thymine — (n.) 1894, from thymic (1868, from Gk. thyme; see THYME (Cf. thyme)) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2) …   Etymology dictionary

  • thymine — [thī′mēn΄, thī′min] n. [Ger thymin < Gr thymos, spirit (< IE * dhūmo < base * dheu , to blow > DULL, FUME) + Ger in, INE3] a white, crystalline, pyrimidine base, C5H6N2O2, contained in the nucleic acids of all tissue: it links with… …   English World dictionary

  • Thymine — Chembox new ImageFile1 = Thymine.png ImageSize1 = 150px ImageFileL2 = Thymine 3D balls.png ImageSizeL2 = 100px ImageFileR2 = Thymine 3D vdW.png ImageSizeR2 = 100px ImageFile = ImageSize = IUPACName = 5 Methylpyrimidine 2,4(1 H ,3 H ) dione… …   Wikipedia

  • Thymine DNA glycosylase — Figure 1: Exemple de membres de la famille des glycosylases humaines. La thymine DNA glycosylase ou G/T mismatch specific thymine DNA glycosylse (TDG) est une enzyme. Chez l homme c est une protéine monomérique de 410 acides aminés codés par 1233 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thymine dimer — A thymine dimer is the covalent bonding of two adjacent thymine residues within a DNA molecule, often catalyzed by ultraviolet radiation or chemical mutagenic agents. It is an example of a more general type of DNA damage known as pyrimidine… …   Wikipedia

  • Thymine dioxygenase — In enzymology, a thymine dioxygenase (EC number|1.14.11.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:thymine + 2 oxoglutarate + O2 ightleftharpoons 5 hydroxymethyluracil + succinate + CO2The 3 substrates of this enzyme are thymine, 2… …   Wikipedia

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