Erb's palsy


Erb's palsy
Erb's palsy 'erbz-, 'erps- n paralysis affecting the muscles of the upper arm and shoulder that is caused by an injury during birth to the upper part of the brachial plexus
Erb Wilhelm Heinrich (1840-1921)
German neurologist. Erb earned a reputation as an outstanding clinical neurologist and was responsible for major contributions to the understanding of neuromuscular disorders. He enjoyed a long association with the University of Heidelberg, rising to the status of professor and director of its medical clinic. His contributions included a hypothesis for the etiology of tabes dorsalis, descriptions of myotonia congenita and a juvenile form of progressive muscular atrophy, and pioneering research in electrodiagnostic studies and electrotherapy. His monographs included Diseases of the Peripheral and Cerebrospinal Nerves and Handbook of Diseases of the Spinal Cord and Medulla. He published his description of what is now known as Erb's palsy in 1874.

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weakness or paralysis of the shoulder and arm caused by injury to the upper roots of a baby's brachial plexus during birth. This may happen if, during a difficult delivery, excess traction applied to the head damages the fifth cervical root of the spinal cord. The muscles of the shoulder and the flexors of the elbow are paralysed and the arm hangs at the side internally rotated at the shoulder. Recovery may be spontaneous, but in some cases nerve grafts or muscle transfers are required.
W. H. Erb (1840-1921), German neurologist

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erb's palsy — Classification and external resources Brachial plexus. Erb s palsy primarily affects C5 and C6. ICD 10 P …   Wikipedia

  • Erb's palsy — noun paralysis of the arm resulting from injury to the brachial plexus (usually during childbirth) • Syn: ↑Erb Duchenne paralysis • Hypernyms: ↑paralysis, ↑palsy …   Useful english dictionary

  • Erb's palsy — weakness or paralysis of the shoulder and arm usually caused by injury to the upper roots of the brachial plexus during traumatic childbirth. This may happen if, during a difficult delivery, excess traction applied to the head damages the fifth… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Паралич Эрба (Erb'S Palsy) — частичный паралич руки, вызванный травмой плечевого сплетения ребенка во время родов. Это может произойти во время трудных родов, при очень сильной тракции головки ребенка, что приводит к повреждению пятого спинномозгового нерва. В этом случае… …   Медицинские термины

  • Erb palsy — Erb Duchenne palsy see under paralysis …   Medical dictionary

  • Erb-Duchenne paralysis — upper brachial plexus paralysis caused by birth injury; called also Erb or Erb Duchenne palsy; Duchenne, Duchenne Erb, or Erb p.; and Duchenne Erb syndrome. Erb Duchenne paralysis caused by traction injury to C5–C7 spinal cord segments, with… …   Medical dictionary

  • Erb's point (neurology) — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Side of neck, showing chief surface markings. Caption2 = The right brachial plexus with its short branches, viewed from in front. Precursor = System = Artery = Vein =… …   Wikipedia

  • Erb-Duchenne paralysis — noun paralysis of the arm resulting from injury to the brachial plexus (usually during childbirth) • Syn: ↑Erb s palsy • Hypernyms: ↑paralysis, ↑palsy …   Useful english dictionary

  • Palsy — Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary movement (motor function). For example, Bell’s palsy is localized paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face. The word “palsy” is a corruption (and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Erb — Wilhelm H., German neurologist, 1840–1921. See E. disease, E. palsy, E. paralysis, E. Charcot disease, Duchenne E. paralysis …   Medical dictionary


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