- Fanconi syndrome
- Fan·co·ni syndrome -nē- also Fanconi's syndrome n a disorder of reabsorption in the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney characterized esp. by the presence of glucose, amino acids, and phosphates in the urine
* * *a disorder of the proximal kidney tubules, which may be inherited or acquired and is most common in children. It is characterized by the urinary excretion of large amounts of amino acids, glucose, and phosphates (though blood levels of these substances are normal). Symptoms may include osteomalacia, rickets, muscle weakness, and cystinosis. Treatment is directed to the cause.G. Fanconi
* * *1. a rare recessive disorder with a poor prognosis, characterized by pancytopenia, bone marrow hypoplasia, and patchy brown skin discoloration due to deposition of melanin, as well as multiple congenital anomalies of the musculoskeletal and genitourinary systems. Called also Fanconi anemia, pancytopenia, or panmyelopathy; congenital hypoplastic anemia; congenital pancytopenia; and pancytopenia-dysmelia s. 2. a general term for a group of diseases marked by dysfunction of the proximal renal tubules (see proximal renal tubular acidosis, under acidosis) with generalized hyperaminoaciduria, renal glycosuria, hyperphosphaturia, and bicarbonate and water loss. The most common cause is cystinosis (q.v.), but it is also associated with other genetic diseases and occurs in idiopathic and acquired forms. When unassociated with cystinosis, the disorder is also called de Toni-Fanconi syndrome.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Fanconi syndrome — Not to be confused with Fanconi anemia. Fanconi syndrome Classification and external resources ICD 10 E72.0 ICD 9 … Wikipedia
Fanconi syndrome — A group of kidney disorders that cause protein, sugar, minerals, and other nutrients to be lost in the urine. Symptoms include weakness, bone pain, and passing a greater than normal amount of urine. One form of Fanconi syndrome is inherited and… … English dictionary of cancer terms
fanconi syndrome — noun also fanconi s syndrome Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after Guido Fanconi : a disorder of reabsorption in the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney that is characterized especially by the presence of glucose, amino acids, and… … Useful english dictionary
Fanconi syndrome — a disorder of the proximal kidney tubules, which may be inherited or acquired and is most common in children. It is characterized by the urinary excretion of large amounts of amino acids, glucose, and phosphates (though blood levels of these… … The new mediacal dictionary
Fanconi syndrome — Transport disease (recessive defect) in which the renal reabsorption of several substances (phosphate, glucose, amino acids) is impaired … Dictionary of molecular biology
Fanconi syndrome (anemia pancytopenia panmyelopathy) — Fan·co·ni syndrome (anemia, pancytopenia, panmyelopathy) (fahn koґne) [Guido Fanconi, Swiss pediatrician, 1892â€“1979] see under syndrome … Medical dictionary
de Toni-Fanconi syndrome — de To·ni Fan·co·ni syndrome (da toґne fahn koґne) [Giovanni de Toni, Italian pediatrician, 1896â€“1973; Guido Fanconi, Swiss physician, 1892â€“1979] Fanconi syndrome (def. 2), see under syndrome … Medical dictionary
Lignac-Fanconi syndrome — Lig·nac Fan·co·ni syndrome (le nyahkґ fahn koґne) [G.O.E. Lignac; Guido Fanconi, Swiss pediatrician, 1892â€“1979] 1. Fanconi syndrome (def. 2), see under syndrome. 2. cystinosis … Medical dictionary
de Toni–Fanconi syndrome — ▪ pathology a metabolic disorder affecting kidney transport, characterized by the failure of the kidney tubules to reabsorb water, phosphate, potassium, glucose, amino acids, and other substances. When the disorder is accompanied by… … Universalium
de Toni-Fanconi syndrome — see Fanconi s. (def. 2) … Medical dictionary