German measles


German measles
German measles n pl but sing or pl in constr an acute contagious disease that is milder than typical measles but is damaging to the fetus when occurring early in pregnancy and that is caused by a togavirus (species Rubella virus of the genus Rubivirus) called also rubella

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a mild highly contagious virus infection, mainly of childhood, causing enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck and a widespread pink rash. The disease is spread by close contact with a patient. After an incubation period of 2-3 weeks a headache, sore throat, and slight fever develop, followed by swelling and soreness of the neck and the eruption of a rash of minute pink spots, spreading from the face and neck to the rest of the body. The spots disappear within seven days but the patient remains infectious for a further 3-4 days. An infection usually confers immunity. As German measles can cause fetal malformations during early pregnancy, girls should be immunized against the disease before puberty. Most children now receive immunization via the MMR vaccine in their second year. Medical name: rubella. Compare scarlet fever.

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rubella.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • German measles — Measles Mea sles, n.; pl. in form, but used as singular in senses 1, 2, & 3. [D. mazelen; akin to G. masern, pl., and E. mazer, and orig. meaning, little spots. See {Mazer}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Med.) A contagious viral febrile disorder commencing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • German measles — noun uncount an infectious disease that causes red spots on the skin. German measles is a minor illness in children and adults, but can cause serious physical damage to babies before they are born: RUBELLA …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • German measles — n [U] an infectious disease that causes red spots on your body, and can damage an unborn child = ↑rubella …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • German measles — n. RUBELLA …   English World dictionary

  • German measles — n. rubella to catch, come down with German measles * * * come down with German measles [ rubella ] to catch …   Combinatory dictionary

  • German measles — rubella u*bel la, n. [NL., fr. L. rubellus reddish.] (Med.) An acute but mild viral infection characterized by a dusky red cutaneous eruption resembling that of measles, but attended by only mild respiratory problems or fever; called also {German …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • German measles — N UNCOUNT German measles is a disease which causes you to have a cough, a sore throat, and red spots on your skin. Syn: rubella …   English dictionary

  • German measles — a mild highly contagious virus infection, mainly of childhood, causing enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck and a widespread pink rash. The disease is spread by close contact with a patient. After an incubation period of 2–3 weeks a headache,… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • German measles — UK / US noun [uncountable] British an infectious disease that causes red spots on the skin. German measles is a minor illness in children and adults, but can cause serious physical damage to babies before they are born. A more technical name for… …   English dictionary

  • German measles — noun a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester • Syn: ↑rubella, ↑three day measles, ↑epidemic roseola • Hypernyms: ↑measles, ↑rubeola, ↑morbilli …   Useful english dictionary