- Therapy, biological
- Treatment to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune (defense) system to fight infection and disease. Biological therapy is thus any form of treatment that uses the body's natural abilities that constitute the immune system to fight infection and disease or to protect the body from some of the side effects of treatment. Biological therapy (also called immunotherapy or biotherapy) often employs substances called biological response modifiers (BRMs). The body normally produces low levels of BRMs in response to infection and disease. Large amounts of BRMs can be made in the laboratory to treat cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and other diseases. Forms of biological therapy include monoclonal antibodies, interferon, interleukin-2 (IL-2), and several types of colony-stimulating factors (CSF, GM-CSF, G-CSF). Interleukin-2 and interferon are BRMs being tested for the treatment of advanced malignant melanoma. Interferon is a BRM now in use to treat hepatitis C. Biologic therapy to block the action of instruments of inflammation called tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is being explored to treat conditions such as Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Etanercept (ENBREL) is a commercially available injectable TNF-blocking treatment for patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis. The side effects of biological therapy depend on the type of treatment. Often, these treatments cause flu-like symptoms such as chills, fever, muscle aches, weakness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Some patients develop a rash, and some bleed or bruise easily. In addition, interleukin therapy can cause swelling. Depending on how severe these problems are, patients may need to stay in the hospital during treatment. These side effects are usually short-term and they gradually go away after treatment stops.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Biological pacemaker — The heart is endowed with specialized excitatory and conducting cells that are responsible for the generation and conduction of rhythmic impulses and contractions throughout the heart. If these cells are damaged by disease, the implantation of an … Wikipedia
Biological therapy for inflammatory bowel disease — Biological therapy refers to the use of medication that is tailored to specifically target an immune or genetic mediator of disease. cite journal | author = Staren E, Essner R, Economou J | title = Overview of biological response modifiers. |… … Wikipedia
Biological psychiatry — Biological psychiatry, or biopsychiatry is an approach to psychiatry that aims to understand mental disorder in terms of the biological function of the nervous system. It is interdisciplinary in its approach and draws on sciences such as… … Wikipedia
Biological Engineering — (including biological systems engineering and bioengineering) is a form of biotechnology that uses broad based engineering disciplines of product design, sustainability and analysis to improve and focus utilization of biological systems.… … Wikipedia
biological therapy — n. BIOTHERAPY * * * … Universalium
biological therapy — n. BIOTHERAPY … English World dictionary
Biological therapy — Treatment to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune (defense) system to fight infection and disease. Biological therapy is thus any form of treatment that uses the body s natural abilities that constitute the immune system to fight… … Medical dictionary
Biological basis of love — Part of a series on Love … Wikipedia
biological response modifier therapy — BRM therapy. Treatment to boost or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer, infections, and other diseases. Also used to lessen certain side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments. Agents used in biological response … English dictionary of cancer terms
biological therapy — Treatment to boost or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer, infections, and other diseases. Also used to lessen certain side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments. Agents used in biological therapy include… … English dictionary of cancer terms