B. quintana
Also called Rochalimaea quintana), Bartonella quintana is an unusual rickettsial organism that can multiply within the gut of the body louse and then can be transmitted to humans. Transmission to people can occur by rubbing infected louse feces into abraded (scuffed) skin or into the conjunctivae (whites of the eyes). Bartonella quintana (B. quintana) is the cause of trench fever, a disease that was first recognized in the trenches of World War I, when it is estimated to have affected more than a million people in Russia and on the fronts in Europe. Trench fever was again a major problem in the military in World War II and is seen endemically in Mexico, Africa, E. Europe, and elsewhere. Urban trench fever occurs among the homeless people and people with alcoholism today. Outbreaks have been documented, for example, in Seattle, Baltimore (among injection-drug users), Marseilles (France) and Burundi. The fever of trench fever is classically a 5-day fever ("quintan fever"). The onset of symptoms is sudden with high fever, severe headache, back pain and leg pain and a fleeting rash. Recovery takes a month or more. Relapses are common. It is now clear, that at least in its urban form among the homeless, trench fever can cause bloodstream infection (bacteremia) associated with nonspecific symptoms or no symptoms (New England Journal of Medicine 340: 184-189, 1999). B. quintana also has been found responsible for a disease called bacillary angiomatosis in people infected with HIV and for infection of the heart and great vessels (endocarditis) with bloodstream infection (bacteremia). The full spectrum of disease caused by B. quintana is still unfolding.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quintana Roo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el municipio del estado vecino de Yucatán, véase Quintana Roo (municipio de Yucatán). Para el prócer de la independencia de México, véase Andrés Quintana Roo. Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo Estado de & …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Quintana puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Lugares 1.1 En España 2 Apellido de 3 Además …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana Redonda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Quintana Redonda Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana de la Serena — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Quintana de la Serena Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana — ist: ein Lagerweg, siehe Römisches Militärlager der lateinische Name des Kastells Künzing in Niederbayern. Quintana (Turnier), mittelalterliche Reitturniere („Giostra della Quintana“) Quintana (Gattung), eine Gattung der Lebendgebärenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quintana Roo (Bundesstaat) — Quintana Roo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quintana Roo (municipio de Yucatán) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la entidad federativa de la república mexicana, véase Quintana Roo. Para el prócer de la independencia de México, véase Andrés Quintana Roo. Municipio de Quintana Roo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana del Pidio — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Quintana del Pidio Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana (Soba) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Quintana. Quintana País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana (peces) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Quintana. ? Quintana Clasificación científica Reino: Animalia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana del Puente — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Quintana del Puente Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”