Traction
In medicine, a procedure for manually pulling a part of the body to a beneficial effect. See traction, orthopedic.
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1. The act of drawing or pulling, as by an elastic or spring force. 2. A pulling or dragging force exerted on a limb in a distal direction. [L. tractio, fr. traho, pp. tractus, to draw]
- axis t. rarely used procedure to apply t. upon the fetal head in the line of the birth canal by means of axis t. forceps.
- Bryant t. t. upon the lower limb placed vertically, employed especially in fractures of the femur in children.
- Buck t. apparatus for applying longitudinal skin t. on the leg through contact between the skin and adhesive tape; friction between the tape and skin permits application of force, which is applied through a cord over a pulley, suspending a weight; elevation of the foot of the bed allows the body to act as a counterweight. SYN: Buck extension.
- external t. a pulling force created by using fixed anchorage ( e.g., a headcap or bed frame) outside the oral cavity; principally used in the management of midfacial fractures.
- halo t. application of skeletal t. to the head by means of a halo device.
- internal t. a pulling force created by using one of the cranial bones, above the point of fracture, for anchorage.
- isometric t. t. in which the length of the limb does not change.
- isotonic t. t. in which the amount of force does not change.
- maxillomandibular t. a pulling force developed by using elastic or wire ligatures and interdental wiring or splints, or both. SYN: intermaxillary t..
- Russell t. an improvement of Buck extension that permits the resultant vector of the applied t. force to be changed; for fractures of the femur.
- skeletal t. t. pull on a bone structure mediated through a pin or wire inserted into the bone to reduce a fracture of long bones. SYN: skeletal extension.
- skin t. t. on an extremity by means of adhesive tape or other types of strapping applied to the limb.

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trac·tion 'trak-shən n
1) the pulling of or tension established in one body part by another
2) a pulling force exerted on a skeletal structure (as in a fracture) by means of a special device or apparatus <a \traction splint> also a state of tension created by such a pulling force <a leg in \traction>

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n.
the application of a pulling force, especially as a means of counteracting the natural tension in the tissues surrounding a broken bone (see countertraction), to produce correct alignment of the fragments. Considerable force, exerted with weights, ropes, and pulleys, may be necessary to ensure that a broken femur is kept correctly positioned during the early stages of healing. Traction is also used for the treatment of back pain by physiotherapists.

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trac·tion (trakґshən) [L. tractio] the act of drawing or exerting a pulling force, as along the long axis of a structure.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • traction — [ traksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1503; bas lat. tractio, de trahere → 1. tracteur ♦ Action de tirer; son effet. 1 ♦ Techn. Action de tirer en tendant, en étendant; force longitudinale provoquant l allongement ou l extension. Résistance des matériaux à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Traction — may refer to: * Traction (engineering), the mechanical force used to achieve motion * Railway electric traction, the use of electric motors to propel rail cars * Traction (orthopedics), in orthopaedic medicine, the set of mechanisms for… …   Wikipedia

  • Traction — Trac tion, n. [L. trahere, tractum, to draw: cf. F. traction.] 1. The act of drawing, or the state of being drawn; as, the traction of a muscle. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically, the act of drawing a body along a plane by motive power, as the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • traction — [trak′shən] n. [ML tractio < L tractus, pp. of trahere, to DRAW] 1. a) a pulling or drawing, esp. of a load, vehicle, etc. over a road, track, or other surface b) the state of being pulled or drawn c) the kind of power used for pulling or… …   English World dictionary

  • Traction — (v. lat.), der Zug mit der Geburtszange, s.d. S. 37 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • traction А — (на шине) – коэффициент сцепления, имеет значения А, В, С. Шины с коэффициентом А имеют наибольшую величину сцепления в своем классе. EdwART. Словарь автомобильного жаргона, 2009 …   Автомобильный словарь

  • traction — index stress (strain) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • traction — (n.) early 15c., a drawing or pulling (originally the pulling of a dislocated limb to reposition it), from M.L. tractionem (nom. tractio) a drawing (mid 13c.), noun of action from stem of L. trahere to pull, draw (see TRACT (Cf. tract) (1)).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • traction — [n] physical resistance, friction absorption, adherence, adhesion, constriction, contraction, drag, draught, drawing, grip, haulage, pull, pulling, purchase, resorption, strain, stress, stretch, suck, suction, towage; concepts 731,748 Ant.… …   New thesaurus

  • traction — ► NOUN 1) the action of pulling a thing along a surface. 2) the motive power used for pulling. 3) Medicine the application of a sustained pull on a limb or muscle, especially to maintain the position of a fractured bone or to correct a deformity …   English terms dictionary

  • Traction — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Attraction. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia  …   Wikipédia en Français

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