- Krebs cycle
- Krebs cycle 'krebz- n a sequence of reactions in the living organism in which oxidation of acetic acid or acetyl equivalent provides energy for storage in phosphate bonds (as in ATP) called also citric acid cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycleKrebs Sir Hans Adolf (1900-1981)German-British biochemist. Krebs made major contributions to the understanding of metabolic processes. In 1932 he discovered with the German biochemist Kurt Henseleit a series of chemical reactions occurring in mammalian tissue by which ammonia is converted to urea. In 1937 he discovered an essential series of intermediate reactions in the oxidation of foodstuffs: the citric acid cycle. Now known as the Krebs cycle, these reactions have proved to be of vital importance in our understanding of metabolic processes in the cell. In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his researches in metabolic processes.
* * *a complex cycle of enzyme-catalysed reactions, occurring within the cells of all living animals, in which acetate, in the presence of oxygen, is broken down to produce energy in the form of ATP (via the electron transport chain) and carbon dioxide. The cycle is the final step in the oxidation of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins; some of the intermediary products of the cycle are used in the synthesis of amino acids.Sir H. A. Krebbs (1900-81), British biochemist
* * *tricarboxylic acid c.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Krebs cycle — 1941, named for Sir Hans Adolf Krebs (1900 1981), German born British biochemist … Etymology dictionary
Krebs cycle — [krebz] n. [after H. A. Krebs (1900 81), Brit biochemist] a cyclic series of biochemical reactions, usually in the mitochondria, that represents the final common pathway in all aerobic organisms for the oxidation of amino acids, fats, and… … English World dictionary
Krebs cycle — Krebs cycle. = tricarboxylic acid cycle (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
Krebs cycle — Krebs cycle. См. цикл Кребса. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
Krebs cycle — trikarboksirūgščių ciklas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Baltymų, riebalų ir angliavandenių oksidacinio skaidymo organizme ciklas. atitikmenys: angl. citric acid cycle; Krebs cycle; tricarboxylic acid cycle rus. цикл Кребса; цикл лимонной… … Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
Krebs cycle — Krebs′ cy cle n. biochem. the metabolic sequence of enzyme driven reactions by which carbohydrates, proteins, and fatty acids produce carbon dioxide, water, and ATP • Etymology: 1940–45; after H. A. Krebs … From formal English to slang
Krebs cycle — Biochem. a cycle of enzyme catalyzed reactions in living cells that is the final series of reactions of aerobic metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fatty acids, and by which carbon dioxide is produced, oxygen is reduced, and ATP is formed … Universalium
Krebs cycle — noun in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy • Syn: ↑Krebs citric acid cycle,… … Useful english dictionary
Krebs cycle — noun Etymology: H. A. Krebs Date: 1941 a sequence of reactions in the living organism in which oxidation of acetic acid or acetyl equivalent provides energy for storage in phosphate bonds (as in ATP) called also citric acid cycle, tricarboxylic… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Krebs cycle — n. TCA, Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle, citric acid cycle, sequence of chemical reactions of utmost significance in all living aerobic organisms that use oxygen as part of cellular respiration (named after the German born English biochemist Hans Adolf… … English contemporary dictionary