- : The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture (e.g., farm animals) and industry. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms which can live as independent organisms or, dependently, as parasites. Among the better known bacteria are strep, staph, and the agents of tuberculosis and leprosy. Bacteriology is a part of microbiology which encompasses the study of bacteria, viruses, and all other sorts of microorganisms.
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* * *1) a science that deals with bacteria and their relations to medicine, industry, and agriculture2) bacterial life and phenomenabac·te·ri·o·log·ic bak-.tir-ē-ə-'läj-ik or bac·te·ri·o·log·i·cal -'läj-i-kəl adjbac·te·ri·o·log·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
* * *n.the science concerned with the study of bacteria. It is a branch of microbiology.• bacteriological adj.• bacteriologist n.
* * *bac·te·ri·ol·o·gy (bak-tēr″e-olґə-je) [bacterio- + -logy] the science that treats of bacteria. Cf. microbiology. bacteriologic, bacteriological adj
Medical dictionary. 2011.