Vaccine, Sabin


Vaccine, Sabin
The oral polio vaccine developed by Dr. Albert S. Sabin. The first vaccine against poliomyelitis was introduced by Dr. Jonas Salk in 1955 and was administered by injection (in 4 separate shots). The oral vaccine was created by Dr. Sabin the next year (in 1956) and is in standard use today because it is easier to administer and, importantly, it is more effective than the Salk vaccine. The Salk vaccine is now merely of historic interest. There was more than a little rivalry between Drs. and Sabin. Although Sabin's vaccine prevailed, Salk's name became better known, in part because of the publicity he received for being first and also because of the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California that was founded by the National Foundation/March of Dimes and named for him. A physician, Sabin (1906-1993) was born in Bialystok, Russia, came to the U.S. in 1921, and for many years was on the faculty at the University of Cincinnati.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • SABIN, ALBERT BRUCE — (1906–1993), U.S. virologist. Sabin was born in Bialystok, Poland, and emigrated to Paterson, New Jersey, with his family in 1921. He graduated in medicine from New York University and thereafter worked on polio viruses and other infectious… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sabin — [sā′bin] Albert B(ruce) 1906 93; U.S. physician & bacteriologist, born in Russia: developed an oral vaccine to prevent poliomyelitis …   English World dictionary

  • Sabin, Albert Bruce — ▪ 1994       Polish born U.S. physician and microbiologist (b. Aug. 26, 1906, Bialystok, Poland d. March 3, 1993, Washington, D.C.), was a towering figure in medical research and the developer in 1955 of the first oral vaccine for polio, which… …   Universalium

  • Sabin Vaccine Institute — Infobox Non profit Non profit name = Sabin Vaccine Institute Non profit Non profit type = NGO founded date = 1993 founder = H.R. Shepherd, Heloisa Sabin, Robert M. Chanock, and Philip K. Russell, location = Washington, D.C. origins = key people …   Wikipedia

  • Vaccine — For other uses, see Vaccine (disambiguation). A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease causing microorganism, and is often made from… …   Wikipedia

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