ni·tra·tion nī-'trā-shən n the process of treating or combining with nitric acid or a nitrate esp conversion of an organic compound into a nitro compound or a nitrate
nitrate vb, ni·trat·ed; ni·trat·ing

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Nitration — is a general chemical process for the introduction of a nitro group into a chemical compound. The dominant application of nitration is for the production of nitrobenzene, the precursor to methylene diphenyl diisocyanate. Nitrations are famously… …   Wikipedia

  • nitration — [ nitrasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1840; de nitrate ♦ Chim. Introduction du radical NO2 dans des composés organiques. ● nitration nom féminin Substitution, dans une molécule, d un groupe nitryle NO2 à un atome d hydrogène, effectuée par action d un mélange d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • nitration — [nī trā′shən] n. the process of nitrating; esp., the introduction of the NO2 group into an organic compound * * * See nitrate. * * * …   Universalium

  • nitration — [nī trā′shən] n. the process of nitrating; esp., the introduction of the NO2 group into an organic compound …   English World dictionary

  • Nitration — La nitration est une réaction chimique qui permet d introduire un ou plusieurs groupement nitro NO2 dans une molécule. C est une réaction qui fait partie des plus importantes en chimie industrielle avec la chloration et la sulfonation. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nitration — nitrinimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis NO₂– grupės įjungimas į molekulę. atitikmenys: angl. nitration rus. нитрование …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • nitration — nitrate ► NOUN ▪ a salt or ester of nitric acid. ► VERB ▪ treat with nitric acid. DERIVATIVES nitration noun …   English terms dictionary

  • nitration — noun Date: 1887 the process of adding a nitro group to an organic compound • nitrate transitive verb • nitrator noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • nitration — noun The reaction of something with nitric acid; especially such a reaction, in the presence of sulphuric acid, to introduce a nitro functional group into a compound …   Wiktionary

  • nitration — Synonyms and related words: acetification, acidification, acidulation, alkalization, carbonation, catalysis, chemicalization, electrolysis, ferment, fermentation, hydrogenation, isomerism, metamerism, metamerization, oxidation, oxidization,… …   Moby Thesaurus

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