rat-bite fever


rat-bite fever
rat-bite fever n either of two febrile human diseases usu. transmitted by the bite of a rat:
a) a septicemia marked by irregular relapsing fever, rashes, muscular pain and arthritis, and great weakness and caused by a bacterium of the genus Streptobacillus (S. moniliformis)
b) a disease that is marked by sharp elevation of temperature, swelling of lymph glands, eruption, recurrent inflammation of the bite wound, and muscular pains in the part where the bite wound occurred and that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Spirillum (S. minor syn. S. minus) called also sodoku

* * *

a disease, contracted from the bite of a rat, due to infection by either the bacterium Spirillum minus, which causes ulceration of the skin and recurrent fever, or by the fungus Streptobacillus moniliformis, which causes inflammation of the skin, muscular pains, and vomiting. Both infections respond well to penicillin.

* * *

either of two clinically similar but etiologically distinct acute infectious diseases, transmitted by the bite of a rat or other small rodent: (1) the bacillary or streptobacillary form, seen mainly in North America, is caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis and has a latent period of about a week, during which the initial wound heals without inflammation; the bite site later becomes inflamed and indurated, and this is followed by adenitis, chills, vomiting, headache, high fever, morbilliform eruption, especially on the hands and feet, and polyarthritis that is often severe. Cf. Haverhill f. (2) The spirillary form (called also sodoku), seen mainly in East Asia and nearby islands, is caused by Spirillum minus and has a latent period of usually more than ten days. Inflammation recurs at the primary wound site; the rash is less evident than in the bacillary form; arthritis is rare; and the fever is commonly of the relapsing type.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rat-bite fever — is an acute, febrile human illness caused by bacteria transmitted by rodents, rats in most cases, which is passed from rodent to human via the rodent s urine or mucous secretions.CausesTwo types of gram negative facultatively anaerobic bacteria… …   Wikipedia

  • rat|bite fever — or rat|bite disease «RAT BYT», a disease characterized by fever, ulceration, and a purplish rash, caused by the bite of a rat or other infected animal …   Useful english dictionary

  • rat-bite fever — ▪ pathology also called  spirillary rat bite fever  or  sodoku        relapsing type of infection caused by the bacterium Spirillum minus (also called Spirillum minor) and transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected rat. It is characterized… …   Universalium

  • rat-bite fever — ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ noun : either of two febrile diseases of man commonly transmitted by the bite of a rat or other animal vector: a. : a septicemia marked by irregular relapsing fever, rashes, muscular pain and arthritis, and great weakness and caused by …   Useful english dictionary

  • rat-bite fever — sodokosis a disease, contracted from the bite of a rat, due to infection by either the bacterium Spirillum minus, which causes ulceration of the skin and recurrent fever, or by the fungus Streptobacillus moniliformis, which causes inflammation of …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • rat-bite fever — noun Date: 1910 either of two febrile bacterial diseases of humans usually transmitted by the bite of a rat …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Лихорадка Укуса Крысы (Rat-Bite Fever), Содокоз (Sodo/Cosis) — заболевание, возникающее после укуса крысы при попадании в организм человека бактерий вида Spirillum minus, вызывающих изъязвление кожи и возвратную лихорадку, или грибков вида Streptobacillus moniliformis, которые вызывают воспаление кожи,… …   Медицинские термины

  • rat|bite disease — rat|bite fever or rat|bite disease «RAT BYT», a disease characterized by fever, ulceration, and a purplish rash, caused by the bite of a rat or other infected animal …   Useful english dictionary

  • rat-bite disease — see under fever …   Medical dictionary

  • rat-bitefever — rat bite fever (rătʹbīt ) n. Either of two infectious diseases contractible from the bite of a rat, specifically: a. A disease caused by the bacterium Streptobacillus moniliformis and characterized by skin inflammation, back and joint pains,… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.