- Bee sting, Africanized
- All stings from bees (and other large stinging insects such as yellow jackets, hornets and wasps) can trigger allergic reactions varying greatly in severity. Avoidance and prompt treatment are essential. This is surely so with Africanized honey bees, a special species of honey bees that are reportedly moving into the United States from the south. (Africanized honey bees are thought to have originally populated this hemisphere proliferating in Brazil in the 1950s.) This species of bees has an unusual and dangerous natural defense mechanism when disturbed. For instance, a loud noise or vibration near a hive, such as a barking dog or lawn mower, may cause the bees to display aggressive behavior. They attack in large numbers and for a longer period of than is typical of the common docile honey bee (European honey bee). As a result, Africanized honey bees when they attack inflict more stings, causing a higher dosage of bee venom to be injected into their victims. The lethal dose of honeybee venom is about 19 stings per kg of body weight (that is 1,300 stings for a 150 pound person). Animals (especially caged ones) as well as humans are at risk. Healthy people can often outrun the bees; however, the bees may give chase for as much as a quarter of a mile! Africanized honey bees cannot be eradicated after becoming established in areas. The bees become a normal part of natural life in the environment visiting gardens and traveling flower to flower just as the common European honey bees. Africanized honey bee stings, like those of common honey bees, can cause local pain, itching, swelling, skin infection. They can also cause allergic reaction with breathing difficulty, heart irregularity, seizures, shock, and death. Serious kidney, muscle, liver, brain, and lung damage can result. There is no bee antivenom currently available. Prevention and avoidance is key. Eliminate sites of possible colonization (holes, junk piles, etc.). Inspect premises for possible colonization. Self-injectable adrenaline can be carried by persons known to be allergic when in risk areas. Hikers should wear long pants and shirts in risk areas. If attacked run for shelter, covering face to prevent airway stings. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms. Stingers should be removed promptly and the area cleansed with soap and water. Ice packs, pain medications, and antiitch medications can be helpful for local reactions. More serious symptoms and multiple sting victims are often hospitalized for observation and treatment. They can require intravenous fluids, oxygen, cortisone medicine, epinephrine as well as medications to open the breathing passages. In very severe reactions, the venom is removed from the blood by plasmapheresis or hemodialysis. Of note, both Africanized honey bees and European honey bees die after stinging.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sting, Africanized bee — All stings from bees (and other large stinging insects such as yellow jackets, hornets and wasps) can trigger allergic reactions varying greatly in severity. Avoidance and prompt treatment are essential. This is surely so with Africanized honey… … Medical dictionary
Bee — Taxobox name = Bees image width = 200px image caption = Honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) collecting pollen regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Hymenoptera subordo = Apocrita superfamilia = Apoidea unranked genus = Anthophila … Wikipedia
bee — bee1 beelike, adj. /bee/, n. 1. any hymenopterous insect of the superfamily Apoidea, including social and solitary species of several families, as the bumblebees, honeybees, etc. 2. the common honeybee, Apis mellifera. 3. a community social… … Universalium
Africanized bee — Killer bee redirects here. For other uses, see Killer bees (disambiguation). Africanized honey bee Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia … Wikipedia
African bee — Taxobox name = African honey bee image caption = image width = regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Hymenoptera familia = Apidae genus = Apis species = Apis mellifera subspecies = A. m. scutellata trinomial = Apis… … Wikipedia
Honey bee — For other uses, see Honey bee (disambiguation). This article refers collectively to all true honey bees; for the common domesticated honey bee, see European honey bee. Honeybees Temporal range: Oligocene–Recent … Wikipedia
European honey bee — Taxobox name = Western honey bee ( Apis mellifera ) image caption = Honey bee approaching a Milk Thistle flowerhead regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Hymenoptera subordo = Apocrita superfamilia = Apoidea familia =… … Wikipedia
Stingless bee — Native bee Meliponula ferruginea Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia … Wikipedia
Queen bee — For other uses, see Queen bee (disambiguation). Carniolan queen bee with attendants on a honeycomb. The term queen bee is typically used to refer to an adult, mated female that lives in a honey bee colony or hive; she is usually the mother of… … Wikipedia
Starr sting pain scale — Жало осы с капелькой яда на кончике Жалящий индекс Старра (англ. Starr sting pain scale) это шкала силы ужалений жалящих перепончатокрылых (отр … Википедия