rush


rush
rush 'rəsh n
1) a rapid and extensive wave of peristalsis along the walls of the intestine <peristaltic \rush>
2) the immediate pleasurable feeling produced by a drug (as heroin or amphetamine) called also flash

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(rush) Benjamin, 1745–1813. American physician and statesman, born in Philadelphia; he was the first professor of chemistry at the College of Philadelphia and wrote the first American book on chemistry. Rush was a Surgeon General in the Continental Army and physician to Pennsylvania Hospital, where he introduced clinical instruction; he was the founder of the Philadelphia Dispensary (the first in America), founder of the Philadelphia College of Physicians, and professor of the Institutes of Medicine (i.e., physiology and pathology) and Clinical Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Rush was the first American to investigate mental illness, to write on cholera infantum, and to notice focal infection in teeth; he was a founder of experimental physiology; and he also wrote on alcoholism, personal hygiene, and public health and on the great yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia (1793). Rush's views on that epidemic (that it originated locally and was not imported) and his treatment of the sufferers (excessive purging and blood letting) caused controversy and lawsuits.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • rush — [ rɶʃ ] n. m. • 1872; mot angl. « ruée » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Sport Effort final, accélération d un concurrent en fin de course. ⇒ sprint. 2 ♦ Afflux brusque d un grand nombre de personnes. ⇒ ruée. Le rush du week end. Rush des vacanciers vers les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rush — в Милане, Италия, 2004 год …   Википедия

  • Rush — Rush, n. [OE. rusche, rische, resche, AS. risce, akin to LG. rusk, risch, D. & G. rusch; all probably fr. L. ruscum butcher s broom; akin to Goth. raus reed, G. rohr.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to many aquatic or marsh growing endogenous plants with …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rush — /rush/, n. 1. Benjamin, 1745 1813, U.S. physician and political leader: author of medical treatises. 2. his son, Richard, 1780 1859, U.S. lawyer, politician, and diplomat. * * * I Any of several flowering plants distinguished by cylindrical… …   Universalium

  • Rush — Rush, n. 1. A moving forward with rapidity and force or eagerness; a violent motion or course; as, a rush of troops; a rush of winds; a rush of water. [1913 Webster] A gentleman of his train spurred up his horse, and, with a violent rush, severed …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rush — rush1 [rush] vi. [ME ruschen < Anglo Fr russher < MFr ruser, to repel, avert, orig., to mislead < OFr reuser: see RUSE] 1. a) to move or go swiftly or impetuously; dash b) to dash recklessly or rashly 2. to make a swift, sudden attack or …   English World dictionary

  • Rush — (r[u^]sh), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rushed} (r[u^]sht); p. pr. & vb. n. {Rushing}.] [OE. ruschen; cf. AS. hryscan to make a noise, D. ruischen to rustle, G. rauschen, MHG. r[=u]schen to rush, to rustle, LG. rusken, OSw. ruska, Icel. & Sw. ruska to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rush —    Rush is a paper material which resembles a rope or cord. It has a distinctive helical twist to it and can be unraveled. Rush was developed in the late 19th century as a substitute for rattan in wicker furniture, occasionally called paper fiber …   Glossary of Art Terms