sodium hydroxide


sodium hydroxide
sodium hydroxide n a white brittle deliquescent solid NaOH that dissolves readily in water to form a strongly alkaline and caustic solution and that is used in pharmacy as an alkalizing agent called also caustic soda

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a powerful alkali in widespread use as a cleaning agent. It attacks the skin, causing severe chemical burns that are best treated by washing the area with large quantities of water. When swallowed it causes burning of the mouth and throat, which should be treated by giving water, milk, or other fluid to dilute the stomach contents and by gastric lavage.

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[NF] a caustic alkali, NaOH, used as an alkalizing agent in pharmaceutical preparations. Called also caustic soda.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Sodium hydroxide — Sodium hydroxide …   Wikipedia

  • Sodium hydroxide — Sodium So di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so highly reactive that it …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sodium hydroxide — ► NOUN ▪ a strongly alkaline white compound used in many industrial processes; caustic soda …   English terms dictionary

  • sodium hydroxide — n. a white, deliquescent substance, NaOH, in the form of a powder, flakes, sticks, etc.: it is a strong caustic base, widely used in chemistry, oil refining, etc …   English World dictionary

  • sodium hydroxide — natrio hidroksidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė NaOH atitikmenys: angl. caustic soda; sodium hydroxide rus. каустик; каустическая сода; натрий едкий; натрия гидроксид ryšiai: sinonimas – natrio šarmas sinonimas – kaustinė soda …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • sodium hydroxide — noun a strongly alkaline caustic used in manufacturing soap and paper and aluminum and various sodium compounds • Syn: ↑caustic soda • Hypernyms: ↑hydroxide, ↑hydrated oxide, ↑lye …   Useful english dictionary

  • sodium hydroxide — NaOH, highly caustic alkali used to make acids neutral and make sodium salts …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sodium hydroxide — noun Date: 1885 a white brittle solid NaOH that is a strong caustic base used especially in making soap, rayon, and paper …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sodium hydroxide — Chem. a white, deliquescent, water soluble solid, NaOH, usually in the form of lumps, sticks, chips, or pellets, that upon solution in water generates heat: used chiefly in the manufacture of other chemicals, rayon, film, soap, as a laboratory… …   Universalium

  • sodium hydroxide — noun a strong, caustic alkali, NaOH, used in the manufacture of soap, detergents, paper, textiles and having many other industrial applications Syn: caustic soda, E524, acidity regulator, lye, soda lye …   Wiktionary