- thyroid storm
- thyroid storm n a sudden life-threatening exacerbation of the symptoms (as high fever, tachycardia, weakness, or extreme restlessness) of hyperthyroidism that is brought on by various causes (as infection, surgery, or stress)
* * *a life-threatening condition due to a severe worsening of thyrotoxicosis that is previously undiagnosed or inadequately treated. It often follows infections, childbirth, nonthyroid surgery, or trauma but can occur without an obvious cause. The presenting features are a fever, severe agitation, nausea and vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pains. An accelerated heart rate and irregularity of the heart rhythm can cause heart failure, and psychotic episodes or coma can result. Blood tests will reveal hyperthyroidism and may also show altered liver function, high blood sugar, high calcium levels, a high white blood cell count, and often anaemia. Treatment is with intravenous fluids, oxygen, antithyroid drugs (such as carbimazole or propylthiouracil), high-dose iodide solution (see Lugol's iodine), high-dose steroids, and beta blockers. The patient must be cooled and given antipyretics, such as paracetamol. Any underlying cause must also be treated.
* * *thyrotoxic storm see under crisis.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
thyroid storm — see thyroid crisis … The new mediacal dictionary
thyroid crisis — thyroid storm a life threatening condition due to a severe worsening of previously undiagnosed or inadequately treated thyrotoxicosis. It often follows infections, childbirth, nonthyroid surgery, or trauma but can occur without an obvious cause.… … The new mediacal dictionary
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storm — An exacerbation of symptoms or a crisis in the course of a disease. thyroid s. SYN: thyrotoxic crisis. * * * storm stȯ(ə)rm n a crisis or sudden increase in the symptoms of a disease see THYROID STORM * * … Medical dictionary
thyroid crisis — thyrotoxic crisis a sudden and dangerous increase of the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis. Called also thyroid or thyrotoxic storm … Medical dictionary
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hyperthyroidism — /huy peuhr thuy roy diz euhm/, n. Pathol. 1. overactivity of the thyroid gland. 2. a condition resulting from this, characterized by increased metabolism and exophthalmos. [1895 1900; HYPER + THYROID + ISM] * * * ▪ pathology also called … … Universalium