visceral peritoneum


visceral peritoneum
visceral peritoneum n the part of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal viscera compare PARIETAL PERITONEUM

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peritoneum viscerale [TA] a continuation of the parietal peritoneum reflected at various places over the viscera, forming a complete covering for the stomach, spleen, liver, intestines from the distal duodenum to the upper end of the rectum, uterus, and ovaries; it also partially covers some other abdominal organs. It holds the viscera in position by its folds, including the mesenteries, the omenta, and the ligaments of the liver, spleen, stomach, kidneys, bladder, and uterus. The potential space between the visceral and the parietal peritoneum is the peritoneal cavity (see cavitas peritonealis). The general cavity communicates by the epiploic foramen with the bursa omentalis (or lesser peritoneal cavity). Called also intestinal p.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • visceral peritoneum — a single membrane around the viscera …   Dictionary of ichthyology

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  • Peritoneum — The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers most of the abdominal organs. (From the Greek peri meaning around + tonos meaning a stretching = a stretching around). * * * The serous sac, consisting of mesothelium and a thin layer of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Peritoneum — Infobox Anatomy Name = Peritoneum Latin = GraySubject = 246 GrayPage = 1149 Caption = The peritoneum, coloured in blue Caption2 = The epiploic foramen, greater sac or general cavity (red) and lesser sac, or omental bursa (blue). (Areas outlined… …   Wikipedia

  • peritoneum — n. the serous membrane of the abdominal cavity (see illustration). The parietal peritoneum lines the walls of the abdomen, and the visceral peritoneum covers the abdominal organs. See also mesentery, omentum. Derivatives: peritoneal adj …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • peritoneum — [per΄ə tə nē′əm] n. pl. peritonea [per΄ə tə nē′ə] or peritoneums [LL < Gr peritonaion < peri , around + teinein, to stretch: see THIN] the transparent serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity and reflected inward at various places to… …   English World dictionary

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  • parietal peritoneum — n the part of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal wall compare VISCERAL PERITONEUM * * * peritoneum parietale [TA] the peritoneum that lines the abdominal and pelvic walls and the inferior surface of the diaphragm …   Medical dictionary

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