- National Health Service
- (in Britain) a comprehensive service offering therapeutic and preventive medical and surgical care, including the prescription and dispensing of medicines, spectacles, and medical and dental appliances. Exchequer funds pay for the services of doctors, nurses, and other professionals, as well as residential costs in NHS hospitals, and meet a substantial part of the cost of the medicines and appliances. Legislation enacted in 1946 was implemented in 1948 and the services were subjected to substantial reorganization in 1974 and again in 1982, 1991, and 1999. In England overall responsibility is vested in the Secretary of State for Health assisted by a comprehensive department (see Department of Health). Administration was based on a system of delegation downwards and accountability upwards through a hierarchy of regions, each subdivided into a number of districts. In 1991 District Health Authorities (DHAs) developed a new role as purchasers of health care, assessing the health needs of local populations and negotiating contracts with a range of health-care providers to meet those needs. Family Health Service Authorities (FHSAs) were responsible for the regulation, management, and funding of general practitioners, pharmacists, opticians, and dentists. In 1999 Primary Care Trust were established to take responsibility for most of the functions originally carried out by DHAs and FHSAs and subsequently (from 1996) by Health Authorities. Health Authorities still exist but have a much more limited role in most areas.Some of the special resources for patients with rarer complaints are shared on a regional or supraregional basis. Wherever possible, districts have common boundaries with local authorities in order to try and ensure liaison with the social service departments, which provide many important services to support the sick and aged (see social services). However, many districts include part of more than one local authority since the division tends to be made on the basis of the catchment area of a district general hospital.Different arrangements apply in Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
National Health Service — noun In Britain, the system under which medical, dental, etc treatment is available free, or at a nominal charge, to all, paid for out of public taxation • • • Main Entry: ↑nation * * * noun the National Health Service : the public system of… … Useful english dictionary
National Health Service — National Health .Service n the National Health Service the NHS the state system for providing health care in Britain, paid for by taxes … Dictionary of contemporary English
National Health Service — n a government organization in Great Britain that provides at public expense all hospital, medical, dental, and related supportive or ancillary services and appliances and prescription drugs … Medical dictionary
National Health Service — For other uses, see NHS#Healthcare. The National Health Service (NHS) is the shared name of three of the four publicly funded healthcare systems in the United Kingdom. They provide a comprehensive range of health services, the vast majority of… … Wikipedia
National Health Service — Logo des NHS (England) Eingang eines Krankenhauses des NHS … Deutsch Wikipedia
National Health Service — (abbr the NHS) the British public service providing medical care that is paid for mainly by the government. British people have strong feelings about its importance, and it is always one of the top political issues in Britain. The National Health … Universalium
National Health Service — N PROPER: the N In Britain, the National Health Service is the state system for providing medical care. It is paid for by taxes. An increasing number of these treatments are now available on the National Health Service … English dictionary
National Health Service — El National Health Service (NHS, en español Servicio Nacional de Salud) es el organismo financiado públicamente de salud pública, encargado de las prestaciones de medicina preventiva y curativa de la mayoría de la población del Reino Unido.… … Wikipedia Español
National Health Service — Le National Health Service (NHS) est le système de santé public du Royaume Uni. Cette organisation fournit l essentiel des soins depuis la médecine générale aux salles d urgence des hôpitaux, les soins longue durée aux soins dentaires. Il a été… … Wikipédia en Français
National Health Service — (NHS) The publicly funded system of health provision which provides the majority of medical assistance in the UK. Established by Labour in 1948, the NHS was for many years widely regarded as one of the most effective and comprehensive system… … Glossary of UK Government and Politics