nosocomial infection


nosocomial infection
an infection whose development is favoured by a hospital environment. It may develop in a hospitalized patient without having been present or incubating at the time of admission, or it may be acquired in hospital but only appears after discharge. Such infections include fungal and opportunist bacterial infections. They are aggravated by factors favouring the spread of organisms (cross-contamination) and by reduced resistance of individual patients, as well as by antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria (see MRSA). The term also includes infections developing among hospital staff.

* * *

an infection not present or incubating prior to admittance to a hospital, but occurring a few days after admittance; the term is usually used to refer to patient disease, but hospital personnel may also acquire nosocomial infection. Cf. iatrogenic i.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nosocomial infection — Classification and external resources Contaminated surfaces increase cross transmission ICD 10 Y …   Wikipedia

  • nosocomial infection — hospital infection an infection whose development is favoured by a hospital environment. It may develop in a hospitalized patient without having been present or incubating at the time of admission, or it may be acquired in hospital but only… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • nosocomial infection — (nos o ko me al) An infection that develops within a hospital (or other type of clinical care facility) and is produced by an infectious organism acquired during the stay of the patient …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Инфекция Внутрибольничная (Nosocomial Infection, Hospital Infection) — инфекция, которая обычно возникает в больницах. Она может развиться у больного при отсутствии каких либо ее симптомов к моменту его поступления в больницу или он может заразиться ею в больнице, но проявиться она может уже после его выписки. К… …   Медицинские термины

  • Infection control — is the discipline concerned with preventing nosocomial or healthcare associated infection, a practical (rather than academic) sub discipline of epidemiology. It is an essential, though often under recognized and under supported, part of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nosocomial — Infection nosocomiale Les infections nosocomiales sont les infections contractées dans un établissement de santé. Le terme nosocomial vient du grec nosous, maladie et de komein soigner . Une infection est dite nosocomiale ou hospitalière, si elle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Infection Nosocomiale — Les infections nosocomiales sont les infections contractées dans un établissement de santé. Le terme nosocomial vient du grec nosous, maladie et de komein soigner . Une infection est dite nosocomiale ou hospitalière, si elle est absente lors de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Infection hospitalière — Infection nosocomiale Les infections nosocomiales sont les infections contractées dans un établissement de santé. Le terme nosocomial vient du grec nosous, maladie et de komein soigner . Une infection est dite nosocomiale ou hospitalière, si elle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Infection postopératoire — Infection nosocomiale Les infections nosocomiales sont les infections contractées dans un établissement de santé. Le terme nosocomial vient du grec nosous, maladie et de komein soigner . Une infection est dite nosocomiale ou hospitalière, si elle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Infection nosocomiale — Nosocomial infection Classification et ressources externes Surfaces possiblement contaminées. CIM …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.