preterm birth


preterm birth
birth of a baby before 37 weeks (259 days) of gestation (calculated from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period); a birth at less than 23 weeks is at present incompatible with life. Such factors as pre-eclampsia, multiple pregnancies (e.g. twins), maternal infection, and cervical incompetence may all result in preterm births, but in the majority of cases the cause is unknown. Conditions affecting preterm babies may include respiratory distress syndrome, feeding difficulties, inability to maintain normal body temperature, apnoea, infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and brain haemorrhages. Supportive treatment is provided in an incubator in a neonatal unit; many infants survive with no residual handicap but the shorter the gestation period, the more serious are the problems to be overcome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Preterm birth — Classification and external resources Intubated preterm baby in an incubator ICD 10 O …   Wikipedia

  • preterm birth — premature birth birth of a baby before 37 weeks (259 days) of gestation (calculated from the first day of the mother s last menstrual period); a birth at less than 23 weeks is at present incompatible with life. Such factors as pre eclampsia,… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • preterm — [prē′tʉrm΄] adj. of or having to do with premature birth, or born prematurely n. a preterm baby …   English World dictionary

  • Preterm labor — may refer to:*Premature birth *Prodromal labor …   Wikipedia

  • preterm — pre·term tərm adj of, relating to, being, or born by premature birth <preterm infants> <a preterm delivery> <preterm labor> * * * pre·term (pre turmґ) before completion of the full term; said of pregnancy or of an infant …   Medical dictionary

  • preterm — adjective Date: 1928 of, relating to, being, or brought forth by premature birth < a preterm infant > < preterm labor > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • birth — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ live ▪ Better living conditions mean more live births and fewer stillbirths. ▪ normal ▪ difficult ▪ breech ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • preterm — adj. Preterm is used with these nouns: ↑baby, ↑birth, ↑delivery, ↑infant, ↑labour …   Collocations dictionary

  • preterm — 1. adjective Of a premature birth or baby. 2. noun A premature birth or baby …   Wiktionary

  • Premature birth — ] *anxietycite journal |author=Dole N, Savitz DA, Hertz Picciotto I, Siega Riz AM, McMahon MJ, Buekens P |title=Maternal stress and preterm birth |journal=Am. J. Epidemiol. |volume=157 |issue=1 |pages=14–24 |year=2003 |pmid=12505886… …   Wikipedia