substance abuse

substance abuse
the nonclinical, or recreational, use of pharmacologically active substances such that continued use results in adverse physiological or psychological effects (see dependence). Substances commonly abused include alcohol (see alcoholism), amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), and organic solvents (by inhalation).

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[DSM-IV] a substance use disorder characterized by the use of a mood- or behavior-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress, such as failure to fulfill social or occupational obligations or recurrent use in situations in which it is physically dangerous to do so or which end in legal problems, but without fulfilling the criteria for substance dependence (q.v.). Specific disorders are named for their etiology, e.g., alcohol abuse, anabolic steroid abuse. DSM-IV includes specific abuse disorders for alcohol, amphetamines or similar substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, PCP or similar substances, and sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Substance abuse — Classification and external resources Comparison of the perceived harm for various psychoactive drugs from a poll among medical psychiatrists specialized in addiction tr …   Wikipedia

  • substance abuse — [n] chemical abuse addiction, alcoholic addiction, alcoholism, drug abuse, drug dependence, habit; concepts 20,316,709 …   New thesaurus

  • substance abuse — substance a,buse noun uncount the practice of drinking too much alcohol or taking illegal drugs: We re detecting more depression and substance abuse in younger populations …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • substance abuse — n. Using drugs or alcohol to the point that they detrimentally affect the life of the user and those around him or her. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • substance abuse — n. excessive use of alcohol, opiates, stimulants, hallucinogens, etc., esp. without prescription …   English World dictionary

  • Substance Abuse —    Before the middle of the nineteenth century, the main substance capable of being abused was alcohol. With the rise of such anesthetic gases as ether (first used medically in 1846), of injectable opiate narcotics (after the introduction of the… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • substance abuse — noun Substance abuse is used before these nouns: ↑problem …   Collocations dictionary

  • substance abuse — UK / US noun [uncountable] the practice of drinking too much alcohol or of taking illegal drugs We re detecting more depression and substance abuse in younger populations …   English dictionary

  • substance abuse — The use of illegal drugs or the use of prescription or over the counter drugs or alcohol for purposes other than those for which they are meant to be used, or in excessive amounts. Substance abuse may lead to social, physical, emotional, and job… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • substance abuse — substance a.buse n [U] the habit of taking too many illegal drugs, in a way that harms your health = ↑drug abuse …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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